A variety of tomatoes with a self-explanatory name - tomato "Neighborhood envy f1": what is good and how to grow it correctly
The variety of vegetable varieties and hybrids often confuses any gardener. What should you choose? Some prefer varietal crops, others - hybrid. When creating crossed crops, breeders try to take only the strongest qualities from varieties, therefore hybrids are more resistant to diseases and more resistant to weather conditions.
Tomato Neighborhood Envy f1 has not only the above advantages. This unique carp hybrid has an early ripening period and a great taste of ripe and juicy vegetables. Gardeners who know the tomato firsthand, confidently advise every gardener to plant it in their beds.
The content of the article
- Feature and Description
- How to grow seedlings
- How to grow tomatoes
- Nuances for open ground and greenhouses
- Harvesting and application of the crop
- Advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid
- Farmers reviews
Feature and Description
Tomato Neighborhood envy belongs to early ripe carpal hybrids and is recommended for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. Nevertheless, in the southern regions it is planted in open beds, where it takes root well without shelter.
Refers to carpal, each brush sets up to 12 fruits.
Ripening period is early, from the moment of emergence to full maturity, 85–95 days pass.
Differs in high resistance to the main diseases of the tomato series, practically not susceptible to late blight.
The yield is high, when placed on 1 sq. m beds 3-4 seedlings collect up to 17 kg of fruit.
Average weight - 95-110 g, flat-round shape, bright red color. The pulp is juicy, the taste is sweet with a noticeable sourness. Ripening occurs simultaneously, tomatoes do not crack from overripe and retain their presentation for a month.
Due to the dense peel, the fruits are universal in use, as they are not afraid of heat treatment. They are great for preserves, marinades and pickles. Also, ripe vegetables are good in fresh salads, side dishes and hot dishes.
Tomatoes can withstand transportation over long distances without losing their appearance and taste.
The photo shows tomatoes Neighborhood envy f1.
How to grow seedlings
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in the 20th of March, having previously prepared the container, soil and seed.
It will not be possible to collect seeds from hybrid crops on your own, since they do not retain their parental properties. The purchased seed, as a rule, does not need to be disinfected, since the disinfection is carried out by the manufacturer. But the seeds are soaked in a growth promoter to improve germination.
Specialized drugs are used as stimulants, for example, "Epin", "Kornevin" or "Zircon". Folk remedies are no less effective: aloe juice, potato juice, melt water. As practice shows, the percentage of germination when using folk remedies and specialized drugs is the same. Seed material is soaked in a stimulator for 10-12 hours.
reference... When seeds are placed in aloe juice, additional disinfection occurs, and potato juice enriches the grains with nutrients.
Capacity and soil
The next step is to prepare the container and soil.The soil is made up of garden soil, peat, humus and river sand... Peat enriches the soil with useful substances necessary for the full development of seedlings, and sand acts as a baking powder. After thorough mixing of the components, the resulting soil mixture is poured with a hot solution of dark potassium permanganate. Disinfection is necessary to destroy pathogenic flora that can adversely affect seedlings.
The containers are also disinfected with a manganese solution before sowing. You can plant in a common wooden box or in separate containers. Do not forget that when planting seeds in peat containers, picking and replanting of seedlings is not required in the future. Peat cups decompose in the ground on their own and feed young roots with useful substances.
reference... Peat cups are the most convenient, but the most expensive way of growing seedlings.
At the bottom of the planting containers, small holes must be made that perform a drainage function. Without the outflow of excess moisture, the likelihood of developing black leg, a dangerous disease in the seedling period, increases. It can destroy all plantings. It is characterized by darkening and narrowing of the stem at the bottom.
The seeds are placed in the grooves to a depth of 1.5–2 cm. If sown superficially, they will sprout with the seed coat, which will further slow down the growth of the seedlings. After sowing, the soil is leveled and slightly compacted.
After moistening the soil from a spray bottle with warm, settled water, the planting containers are covered with a film and left in a bright room at a temperature of 23 ° C. Periodically, the film is removed to ventilate and moisten the top layer of the soil as it dries.
Growing and care
After emergence, containers are placed on the windowsill for sufficient lighting. With a day length of at least 13 hours, the seedlings will grow stronger and faster than in the absence of the required amount of light.
As the top layer of the soil dries up, the seedlings are moistened with warm, settled water from a shallow watering can. After watering, the soil is superficially loosened.
After the appearance of 2 true leaves, the seedlings are dived into separate containers. Weak plants are removed during the pick.
With poor growth, 2 weeks after the pick, the seedlings are fed with liquid fertilizer for tomato seedlings.
10 days before transplanting, the seedlings are hardened so that they quickly adapt to new conditions. Young bushes are left in the open air for 1 hour at first, each day increasing the time spent outdoors by 30-40 minutes. The night temperature in the room is reduced to 13 ° C.
How to grow tomatoes
Seedlings are transplanted into the greenhouse in late April - early May, in open ground - not earlier than mid-June. By this time, the bushes will have at least 6 true leaves and one flower cluster.
Planting pattern: 40 cm - distance between seedlings, 50 cm - between rows. For 1 sq. m place no more than 4 seedlings.
They are planted in pre-prepared holes 20 cm deep. Before transplanting, a little wood ash or sawdust is placed on the bottom of the holes and poured with warm water.
After planting, the holes are compacted, watered with warm water and left to adapt to new conditions for 10 days. During adaptation, young plants are not watered, since the roots do not absorb moisture.
After rooting, set regular watering at least 2 times a week. On dry days, the amount of watering is increased, and on rainy days, on the contrary, it is reduced. The main indicator of the need for watering is the topsoil. Water only with warm water, as the root system can rot from the cold. For heating, the water in the barrels is exposed to the sun.
To retain moisture, the beds are mulched with straw. Also, mulch performs a preventive function, protecting plantings from pests.
After watering, the soil is loosened and all weeds are removed.Weeds take many nutrients from the soil that are essential for the development of tomatoes.
The seedlings are fed during the entire growing season once every 14 days. The necessary elements for full development are phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. Nitrogen is introduced at the initial stage, as it stimulates the growth and build-up of green mass. Potassium is needed at the time of fruiting, and the seedlings need phosphorus constantly. The full complex of minerals is alternated with organic matter - bird droppings or mullein infusion in a ratio of 1:15.
Features of cultivation and possible difficulties
For maximum impact, the bush is formed into 2 stems. All other stepchildren are regularly removed to prevent thickening of the plantings. All the lower leaves up to the first fruiting branch must also be removed.
The pinching procedure is carried out in the early morning. Processes that have reached 3 cm are removed, the places of the cuts are sprinkled with ash or treated with a manganese solution for disinfection. When the processes of more than 5 cm are removed, pinching for plants is painful.
Tall seedlings need to be fixed to a support, otherwise the branches will not withstand the weight of the fruit. When transplanting into the ground, wooden stakes or metal rods are installed next to each plant, to which the stem and branches are fixed as they grow.
Also in greenhouse conditions tie up on the trellis. This is the most convenient garter option, as it is less traumatic for plants.
Diseases and pests
According to reviews, the tomato Neighborhood envy is characterized by persistent immunity to major diseases, therefore, preventive measures are sufficient. When transplanting, young bushes are watered with a decoction of chamomile or nettle. Sharp-smelling herbs keep many flying and ground pests out of the beds, so marigolds, mustard bushes and calendula are planted in tomato beds.
Spraying with "Fitosporin" not only protects plants from fungal spores, but also increases their immunity.
reference... Fitosporin is a systemic fungicide. It is used not only for prevention purposes, but also for the treatment of diseased plants.
Regular loosening and weeding prevents pests from breeding in tomato beds. The same function is performed by airing protected structures, destroying the habitual habitat of greenhouse pests.
Of insects the danger is the Colorado potato beetle and the bear. The bear moves underground, so it is difficult to spot it. To scare her away, fish heads and chopped garlic cloves are dug into the beds. The Colorado potato beetle is harvested by hand by carefully examining each seedling. With a large accumulation of pests, use the drug "Prestige".
Nuances for open ground and greenhouses
In outdoor conditions, the beds are chosen in a sunny, draft-free place. The soil is prepared in advance by digging up and fertilizing with humus.
When planted in a checkerboard pattern, the plants receive enough sunlight without shading each other, and can be ventilated, which prevents fungal spores from developing.
The indeterminate plant type implies unlimited growth. In order for nutrients to be spent on the formation of fruits, and not on the growth of green mass, pinch the crown of the plants, thereby determining the end point of growth.
The best humidification option in greenhouse conditions is drip irrigation. With this method, moisture does not stagnate in the beds and does not increase the level of humidity. Water constantly and gradually penetrates to the roots, and the plants do not suffer from a lack of moisture.
Harvesting and application of the crop
The early maturing type of hybrid makes it possible to harvest at the beginning of the summer season. The fruits ripen at the same time, so they are harvested with whole brushes. Tomatoes are stored for a long time without losing their presentation and perfectly preserving their taste.
The use of ripe vegetables is universal. They are consumed fresh, pickle, canned and salted.
Advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid
Each culture has both advantages and disadvantages. Let's start with the positive aspects of tomato:
- early ripening;
- high rate of fruiting;
- unpretentious in care;
- the possibility of breeding in all regions;
- the formation of ovaries in any weather conditions;
- strong immunity to diseases;
- great fruit taste;
- marketable condition;
- simultaneous maturation;
- long-term storage;
- the possibility of long transportation.
The disadvantages include the need for formation, regular pinching and the obligatory garter of seedlings.
Gardeners who planted the Neighborly Envy tomato in their beds confidently recommend it to other gardeners. Many experienced summer residents get a crop twice a summer, since the early ripening period allows them to have time to grow a second wave in the greenhouse.
Alexandra, Taganrog: “Neighbor's Envy grew the tomato in the same way as other similar crops: tied it up, pinched it, fertilized it. The result was excellent. The fruits are large, juicy, tasty, just lick your fingers. I made a lot of preparations, and there is still left for fresh dishes. In a word, all neighbors are the envy ”.
Svetlana, Krasnodar: “I planted it for the first time, but it is already clear that the hybrid is extraordinary. There are at least 10 tomatoes on each cluster, and there are many fruitful clusters on the seedling! All fruits are even, identical, beautiful. I go into the greenhouse, and my heart beats with joy that I have such a miracle. "
Tomato Neighborly Envy f1 met the expectations of many gardeners. The hybrid is high-yielding, does not require careful maintenance and does not get sick. The fruits do not crack from overripe. If you did not have time to harvest on time, do not worry: tomatoes retain their appearance and taste for a month.
Unpretentious vegetables are in great demand in sales markets, which gives entrepreneurs an excellent opportunity to grow crops on an industrial scale.