Universal early ripening tomato "Volgogradsky": what is good and why it is worth growing it on your site
If you want to grow a truly early-ripening tomato in your garden, you should take a closer look at the Volgogradsky variety. Description and reviews characterize it as a "variety for the lazy" and, moreover, suitable for beginner gardeners.
Tomatoes are universal in use and can be stored for a long time, and the excellent presentation allows the cultivation of this crop for sale. In a word, Volgogradets is a worthy answer to any import manufacturer.
The content of the article
- Description of the variety
- How to grow seedlings
- How to grow tomatoes
- The nuances of growing in open ground and in a greenhouse
- Harvesting and application of the crop
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- Farmers reviews
Description of the variety
The Volgogradsky tomato is one of the proven varieties that have been grown for many years. The variety is great for those who do not want or do not have the opportunity to devote a lot of time to their plot. It is unpretentious and does not require careful maintenance. It is universal in application, which makes it possible to grow not only for its own use, but also for sale and has excellent transportability, while maintaining its presentation on the way.
The Volgogradsky variety is considered early ripening, capable of bearing fruit by the end of June. The ripening period is 105-110 days. Refers to determinant, which means that the bushes are low, not requiring a garter. Differs in high yield and excellent taste.
The variety has several subspecies. Each has its own characteristics, and it is from the correct choice that a qualitative and quantitative result can be expected.
Volgograd early ripening tomato 323
It is a proven non-hybrid variety, bred 45 years ago. The height of the bushes does not exceed 45 cm, so they do not need a garter. Fleshy and sweet fruits ripen 100 days after planting in open ground. The photo shows their bright red color and a neat round shape.
From 1 sq. m collect up to 7 kg of vegetables. This is what makes the subspecies popular among amateur gardeners and professional farmers.
Various uses of a ripe vegetable speak of its versatility:
- consumption raw;
- preparing salads;
- cooking tomato products (pasta, juices, ketchup, adjika, mashed potatoes, etc.).
Possesses an average degree of resistance to various diseases.
Volgograd tomato 5 95
Judging by the reviews of farmers and lovers of summer cottages, the culture gives a high quantitative result. Refers to medium ripeness, ripening period - 120 days. Suitable for both greenhouse and open field.
The bushes are indeterminate, compact. Leaves are light green. Ripe fruits are round, orange-red in color. The taste is sweet and sour. Vegetable weight - from 80 to 120 g. Number of seed chambers - 5-6. In the open field, one bush gives up to 3 kg of tomatoes when planting 3 bushes per 1 sq. m. In greenhouses, the result is 25% higher. The harvested fruits are not only stored for a long time, but also tolerate long-term transportation in boxes.
Tomato variety Volgogradskiy 5 95 is more suitable for the southern regions. It is here that the highest level of fruiting is noted. In the middle lane, a cover under the film is recommended. In the northern regions, the hybrid survives only in heated greenhouses, but a deterioration in the taste of the fruit is noted.
Like the previous subspecies, versatile in application, used fresh and for processing. Taste qualities are not lost either in preservation, or cooked, or fresh.
Resists insect pests and fungal diseases well.
Volgograd Pink Tomato
High-yielding, undersized and early maturing variety. Ripening occurs 105 days after germination. Bushes are compact, no more than 55 cm. Leaves are small, dark green. Fruits weighing up to 100 g, their shape is round-flat, taste is sweet and sour, but there is a preponderance to the sweet side.
This species is similar to Volgograd 323 and differs from it only in color, which is reflected in the name. This distinctive feature is clearly visible in the photo.
A universal tomato. Small tomatoes look good in salads and conservation... And the rich pink tomato juice will undoubtedly remind you of the warm colors of summer on cold winter days.
The subspecies is resistant to fungal diseases, often infecting the nightshade family: fusarium, tobacco mosaic, brown spot.
Like their counterparts, the fruits are distinguished by long storage and good transportability.
How to grow seedlings
The exact timing of sowing seeds depends on the conditions in which the seedlings will stay. If breeding is planned in a greenhouse, then the seeds are sown in mid-February. If planting is planned in open ground, but under a film, then you can start growing Volgograd tomatoes in the 20th of March. From sowing seeds to planting seedlings in the soil, at least 60 days pass. The seeds do not require special preparation before sowing; it is enough to treat them with growth stimulants.
For the preparation of the soil mixture, sod land, sphagnum moss, sawdust and grain husks are used. It will not be superfluous to add conifer bark or peanut shells. Wooden boxes or individual peat pots are quite suitable as containers, however, as well as for any seedlings.
Seeds are placed in shallow holes at a distance of 3-4 cm from each other. After the appearance of the first leaves, the seedlings are dived and seated in separate containers. Picking tomatoes has a positive effect on the root system: it strengthens, which gives the seedlings a good advantage when planting in the ground.
Seedlings do not need abundant watering, keeping the soil moist is sufficient.
How to grow tomatoes
Before planting in open ground, the seedlings are hardened for 1-2 weeks. Hardening consists in staying them outdoors from several hours to 1 day. And after the young plants become adapted to stay outside around the clock, they are planted in open ground in prepared beds.
As for the Central strip, it is better to plant seedlings here in early May. In rare cases, they are planted in the 20th of April, but under a film and in case of warm weather.
After 60 days of home conditions, young bushes are ready to continue growing and developing in the open field. By this time, the appearance of the first leaves is noticeable. If the seedlings have bloomed, the plants will not be able to set up quickly and well.
The seedlings that have reached 15 cm in height are planted in prepared beds with humus and minerals added to them. In good weather, it is enough to water once a week, since tomatoes do not like an abundant amount of moisture.
In case of drought, the number of watering is increased, but you should not exceed the permissible rate. Power glaze check: if the soil remains moist at a depth of 10 cm, watering is not required.
reference... Treatment with urea and boric acid results in more ovaries. Feed well with rotted compost and manure. Such feeding lead to a rich harvest: 7 kg of tomatoes per 1 sq. m.
An early ripe variety has a significant advantage: no pinching required... The culture develops well without outside interference. Since the foliage of the bushes is medium, the sun's rays evenly fall on both the plant and the fruit. But this does not mean that pinching is not used at all for this type.It is used both to reduce the volume of the harvest and to increase the weight of the fruit.
In the first case, pinching is carried out along the entire height of the bush, and in the second - up to the first brush. The stepsons removed from the plant become an excellent fertilizer for tomatoes. Stepsons are poured with water and left for several weeks before fermentation. After that, filter and dilute with water at the rate of 1:10. Such feeding replaces nitrogen fertilization, it is watered with bushes before flowering.
After watering, do not forget about loosening the earth between the bushes and removing weeds.
Diseases and pests
According to all characteristics, Volgograd tomatoes are distinguished by good resistance to attacks of diseases and harmful insects. But, like any culture, they need proper care and preventive measures. For these purposes, fungicidal agents are used, which are good in preventing fungal diseases.
As for insects-pests, such as whitefly or tomato mite, then it is enough to treat the plant in time (about 1 month before fruiting) with an insecticide solution.
The early tomato attacks one more scourge - apical rot. The disease provokes a lack of calcium, it affects the top of the still green fruit. Calcium nitrate is recognized as an effective remedy in the fight against top rot.
Another nuisance is gray rot. It is a fungal disease that develops in rainy and cool weather. It mainly affects greenhouse plants, becoming covered with dark grayish spots. The symptoms of this disease go away on their own when the air temperature rises.
No less dangerous is the spider mite, which hunts mainly in greenhouses. Damaged plants turn yellow. It is not difficult to defeat this pest - it is enough to regularly ventilate the greenhouse. You can also treat the culture with Aktofit.
In the open field, the vegetable is attacked by slugs. They are harvested by hand, the earth is sprinkled with coarse sand and lime, creating a kind of barriers. It is not superfluous to plant herbs that repel pests in the aisles. In this case, calendula and marigolds will help.
The nuances of growing in open ground and in a greenhouse
Compliance with simple rules will allow you to achieve a qualitative and quantitative result.
Secrets of planting an early variety of Volgograd tomatoes:
- Sandy soil... Perhaps the most important rule that should not be forgotten when breeding this crop. Tomatoes grow well in such soil and delight with a rich harvest.
- Precursors, thanks to which the soil structure is maximally enriched. These include cabbage, carrots, legumes, and eggplants.
- Fertilization... Humus is introduced into the soil before planting tomatoes, after which the soil is dug up. In the spring, the territory is fertilized with ammonium nitrate.
- Planting is carried out when the seedlings have passed 60 days.
The universality of culture also lies in the fact that it can be grown in a reckless way. In stably warm weather, planting holes are formed. The beds are watered abundantly with warm water and seeds are laid in the holes, up to 5 pcs. into each one. This is how the seedlings form and grow in a short time.
A delay in fruiting by 2 weeks can be considered the only drawback with this growing method.
Harvesting and application of the crop
Harvest when the vegetables turn red. Ripening of early ripening tomato 323 occurs already in June-July. If you leave a stalk on it when removing a tomato from a bush, the shelf life will increase.
To use vegetables for homemade preparations, gardeners pick them unripe. In this case, do not forget that the content of vitamins in them is much less than in ripe tomatoes.
During the dry period, the fruits practically do not emit red pigment, which causes a rich color. Keep this in mind when the temperature rises.
Volgograd tomatoes are used in all forms that your imagination is rich in: from fresh consumption to winter preparations, and not only whole fruits, but also tomato products. A big plus is the fact that the taste of the vegetable is not lost in any form of preparation, due to which the variety surpasses most imported ones.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Much of the above applies to the virtues of culture. We will reveal not only the positive properties, but also some of the nuances that arise when breeding this species.
- breeding from seeds and seedlings;
- early maturity;
- high yield both in protected and in open ground;
- does not require garter and pinning;
- disease resistance;
- versatility in the use of fruits;
- preservation of taste during cooking;
- long storage and transportability.
Negative characteristics include:
- short fruiting period;
- small fruit size;
- dependence of growth and development on the region;
- deterioration in taste in the absence of heat.
Friendly reviews about Volgograd tomatoes 5 95 leave no doubt that the culture is worthy of any suburban area. As for the 323 variety, all lovers of a quick harvest should pay attention to it. And pink tomatoes will delight gourmets not only with taste, but also with color.
In general, there are so many convincingly favorable reviews that you don't have to think about choosing a variety for a long time. Even those who have grown this species for the first time are delighted. They especially emphasize the minimum cost of effort and ease of care.
Vladimir, Ufa:“I live in an apartment, but I have my own summer cottage. I can't live without fresh vegetables. I buy seedlings. I recognize Volgograd by their appearance. They have thick and hairy stems and leaves. Everyone always takes root. And the taste of the fruit is unsurpassed. This is a classic. "
Elena, Murmansk: “I love plants, so herbs, spices and whatever takes root in such conditions always grow on the balcony. When I found out about Volgograd tomatoes and tasted them, I decided to buy a summer cottage. Now I spend the whole summer away from the city, looking after my favorite variety. I collect a lot, so I preserve them for the winter, they lend themselves well to heat treatment. "
Volgograd tomatoes, based on the description, characteristics and reviews, the culture is not new, but still has not lost its relevance and attractiveness. With its unpretentiousness and high yield, not to mention the excellent taste of the fruit, it has long won the hearts of gardeners.
The description of all the advantages sounds quite convincing for the Volgogradets to appear on those beds that have not yet been given the opportunity to get to know him.