The best varieties of zucchini for open ground: a photo with a description, tips for choosing
Not all regions of Russia are distinguished by a favorable climate and fertile soil. But this does not mean that tasty and healthy zucchini cannot be grown there in open beds. A number of varieties have increased cold resistance and immunity to bad weather. Summer residents grow zucchini without greenhouses and greenhouses, and get excellent results.
Consider the best varieties of zucchini for open ground with photos and detailed characteristics.
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The best varieties of zucchini for open ground
Most outdoor zucchini are easy to care for and do not require any special skills. They are planted in both seedling and non-seedling methods. Zucchini easily tolerate frost, rain and windy weather.
Belongs to the zucchini variety, it is an oblong long yellow fruit... The average weight of a zucchini is about 0.7 kg, its length reaches 15 cm. The flesh is golden yellow, sweet and crunchy. Does not lose its taste after heat treatment, therefore Zolotinka is actively used for whole canning and pickling. The pulp has a high sugar content, so the dishes acquire a rich sweet and sour taste.
Zolotinka is an early-ripening variety, summer residents harvest in 45-50 days from the moment of planting. The bushes are compact, they reach no more than 0.5 m in length. They are unpretentious in care, however, they require regular watering and feeding. The Zolotinka variety is watered every 5 days. If the summer is dry and hot, then every 3-4 days. For watering, choose a cool morning or evening to avoid sunburn.
Another representative of zucchini is Skvorushka zucchini... It is grown in different regions of the country. The skvorushka shows a stable high yield, rarely gets sick. The fruits are long, about 25-30 cm. The weight of one varies from 0.5 to 1.2 kg. The peel is dense, deep green color with white veins.
Skvorushka is an early maturing variety that has a long keeping life and is well stored. To keep the crop as long as possible, ripe zucchini is wiped with a dry cloth and removed to a cool and dark place, such as a basement or cellar.
Interesting! The word "zucchini”Came to Russia from Italy. Literally "zucchino" means "little pumpkin".
Zucchini tree F1
A hybrid that combines ease of care and high immunity to adverse factors. The variety received an unusual name because of the shape and growth of the bush. The length of powerful whips reaches 4-5 m, so they "seek" support for themselves. Often it becomes a tree around which a bush winds. It seems that the vegetable has grown on a tree, like an apple.
Squash tree variety - mid-season, ripens in 70 days. Fruits are elongated, flat-oval, up to 15 cm in length. The color is pale green, taste is high. The rind is soft and smooth, but becomes more firm as it ripens.
Since the variety has a neutral aroma and flavor, it goes well with most dishes. Zucchini is suitable for making soups, side dishes, salads. Indispensable if you follow the correct or dietary nutrition. Rich in vitamins and minerals.
The high-yielding early ripening variety is named so because of its dark green rind. Ripens in 40 days, yield about 3 kg per bush. Zucchini is planted in seedlings. Seedlings are prepared 30-40 days before the plant is planted in the ground.Before this, the seeds are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. To increase immunity, seeds are germinated by placing them in a moist tissue bag.
Planted in May after the last frost has passed. Experienced gardeners recommend planting Negritenok after legumes or onions. Negritok shows excellent results on a mixture of loamy and sandy loam soil. Small fruits weighing 0.8-1 kg grow. The variety is perfectly stored, does not lose its useful qualities and external characteristics.
It belongs to hybrid varieties, ripens in 50-60 days. Kavili is able to bear fruit for about two months, while summer residents collect about 10 kg of delicious and beautiful vegetables from 1 square meter. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, light green in color. The pulp is juicy, white-green, perfect for cooking squash caviar. The peel of the Cavili variety is thin, so gardeners recommend immediately processing the product, since it cannot be stored for a long time.
Cavili is planted after potatoes or onions, but never after cucumbers or pumpkins. Water as the soil dries up. Experts believe that rainwater is best for irrigation. Its soft composition is harmless to the plant, in contrast to tap water. The hybrid rarely gets sick and is exposed to pests, but gardeners still carry out a number of preventive measures. For example, they spray the bushes with a soapy or ash solution.
A hybrid for lovers of large and heavy fruits. Round squash reaches 3-4 kg in weight, while its bushes are compact and small. Boatswain ripens in just 40-44 days from the moment of planting, shows excellent productivity. The pulp is light green, the skin is dark.
To increase the yield, summer residents fertilize zucchini beds with organic and mineral dressings once every 2 weeks. The Boatswain variety reacts positively to urea, ammonium nitrate, liquid mullein, ash. Most fertilizers are applied right before watering to increase their effectiveness.
Representative of hybrid varieties. Karisma ripens in 40-45 days, each bush is high-yielding. Vegetables are compact, maximum weight 0.7 kg. The color is pale green, the flesh is slightly sweet. The skin is soft and the squash is easy to peel and process. Long-term fruiting, as befits a hybrid.
Zucchini Karisma is resistant to the main fungal infections and viral diseases. As a preventive measure, zucchini beds are treated with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate solution several times per season.
In order for the seeds of Karisma to take root faster in the open field, experienced summer residents recommend adding ash or lime to the soil before planting. They will reduce the acidity of the soil, make it more nutritious and friable.
Bushes of medium size, leaves are rich green. Zucchini requires minimal maintenance, subject to all agrotechnical rules from 1 square meter, gardeners collect about 10 kg of vegetables. The color is light green, the skin is smooth and thin. The length of the root crop varies from 15 to 20 cm, the average weight is 500 g. The pulp is dense and tasty, has a small amount of seeds. In processing, Aral zucchini is simple, it makes excellent preparations for the winter and vegetable side dishes.
Interesting! 100 g of zucchini contains only 24 kcal. The vegetable is saturated with vitamins B1, B2, A, C, PP, which are necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Zucchini is rich in magnesium, calcium, potassium and iron. Dietary fiber and fiber are involved in metabolic processes, stimulate the intestines and reduce the level of bad cholesterol.
An early ripe White Swan is a real find for a summer resident. Smooth and smooth cylindrical fruits are white in color. The white swan is unpretentious, it feels great even in the Urals and Siberia. Of the fertilizers, the variety prefers organic fertilizing, such as bird droppings, peat, humus.To improve the quality of the soil, gardeners add river sand to the soil, which serves as an effective natural baking powder.
Zucchini The white swan is prized in cooking. Pancakes, salads, pickled and canned dishes are prepared from its delicious pulp. Zucchini is stewed, boiled, steamed and fried, while they do not lose their useful properties. Vegetables are indispensable for making the popular squash caviar or casseroles.
Iskander hybrid is grown not only in Russia, but also in neighboring countries. Zucchini are pale green in color with small white veins. The average weight of one bush is 500 g, the length is from 18 to 25 cm. Iskander shows a surprisingly high yield, one bush gives gardeners about 17 kg of vegetables. The variety is often grown not only for personal consumption, but also for sale.
The variety is planted at the end of March, the first zucchini appear in May-June. Ripe fruits are easy to recognize: a dull sound is heard when the vegetable is tapped. The skin becomes hard and can only be removed with a knife. The Iskander variety is stored for no more than 5 months. Otherwise, vegetables will lose their useful qualities and taste and deteriorate.
Super early hybrid Medusa ripens in just 35 days. It is a small green fruit. There are few seeds, the taste is juicy. The zucchini reaches 25 cm in length, weighs about 800 g. For a good harvest, the seeds of Medusa are disinfected by heating. The seeds are placed in an oven for 5 hours at a temperature of 40 degrees. The high temperature kills harmful microbes on the seed surface and lowers the risk of developing fungal diseases.
The bush variety gives its first fruits after 45 days. Deep green vegetables. The rind is glossy and dense. The variety is well stored and can be transported over long distances. Vegetable weight - 1-1.5 kg.
The pulp is white, with a pleasant delicate taste. It grows even at low temperatures and heavy rains. It is recommended to store the Black Handsome variety in the basement or in the refrigerator.
Rules for choosing a variety for open ground
The choice of variety depends on the expectations and objectives of the farmer. For some, it is important to get tasty and juicy fruits in order to use them in cooking, prepare pickles and eat them fresh. For these needs, the varieties Meduza, Iskander and Black Beauty are best suited. If the safety of the crop is in the first place, then summer residents prefer the varieties Kavili, White Swan and Zolotinka. Due to their dense skin, vegetables have a high degree of keeping quality.
Many gardeners love varieties that are unpretentious in their care that do not require much attention. In this case, squash Iskander, Karizma and Aral are planted - to get a rich harvest of these varieties, no special skills and knowledge are required.
An important the growing region plays a role... Some zucchini do best in temperate areas where there is a lot of sun and heat. For example, the Aral and Black Krasavets zucchini will show the best results in the south of the country or in the temperate zone of Russia.
For the gardeners of the Urals and Siberia, breeders are developing hybrid varieties that are not afraid of frost, coolness and winds. These include zucchini Iskander, Karizma, Boatswain.
Each gardener has his own squash "favorites". Why do summer residents love these or those varieties so much?
Nikita, Moscow: «I can't imagine my garden without Boatswain's marrow. I love round fruits, their rich taste. Boatswain is unpretentious in leaving, tolerates a long absence of watering without any problems ”.
Maria, Sochi: «As an experienced gardener, I advise everyone to plant the Zucchini tree variety. It is very beautiful and tasty, excellent preparations are obtained from vegetables. I love canning zucchini with tomatoes for the winter. "
Elena, Voronezh: «Of all the zucchini I like the Iskander and Skvorushka varieties. I love their look and taste. But the variety Negritenok disappointed me. The fruit grew very hard, the taste is watery. "
Zucchini varieties for open ground resistant to diseases, weather changes, do not require special care. They are ideal for growing in any region of Russia, be it Sochi or Novosibirsk.
Before planting, the seeds must be disinfected. Zucchini is planted in warm and sunny beds, after potatoes or tomatoes. Zucchini are watered and loosened every 5 days, fertilized once every 2 weeks. Eating zucchini in homemade meals makes meals more dietary and healthy. The ease of growing this unpretentious vegetable and its nutritional benefits make it a profitable guest in your garden.