Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

An important component in the treatment of diabetes mellitus is diet. Only a balanced and rational diet, restriction of easily digestible carbohydrates and fats will help to avoid acute and chronic hyperglycemia and other possible complications, restore disturbed metabolism, and ensure normal physiological processes in the body.

Vegetables and low-fat foods become the basis of nutrition. Nutritionists recommend eating tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, zucchini in any quantity, while limiting the amount of carrots in the diet. But this is a popular vegetable culture - its roots are used to prepare first and second courses, canned food, pickles, salads, baby purees, desserts.

Chemical composition and characteristics of carrots

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Content of substances per 100 g of edible part of raw carrots:

Substances amount
Organic acids 0.3 g
Alimentary fiber 2.4 g
Water 88 g
Ash 1 g
Vitamin A, RE 2000 mcg
Beta carotene 12 mg
Vitamin B1, thiamine 0.06 mg
Vitamin B2, riboflavin 0.07 mg
Vitamin B3, niacin 1 mg
Vitamin B4, choline 8.8 mg
Vitamin B5, pantothenic acid 0.26 mg
Vitamin B6, pyridoxine 0.13 mg
Vitamin B9, folate 9 μg
Vitamin C, ascorbic acid 5 mg
Vitamin E, alpha tocopherol, TE 0,4 mg
Vitamin H, biotin 0.6 μg
Vitamin K, phylloquinone 13.2 mcg
Vitamin PP, NE 1.1 mg
Potassium, K 200 mg
Calcium, Ca 27 mg
Silicon, Si 25 mg
Magnesium, Mg 38 mg
Sodium, Na 21 mg
Sulfur, S 6 mg
Phosphorus, Ph 55 mg
Chlorine, Cl 63 mg
Aluminum, Al 323 μg
Bor, B 200 mcg
Vanadium, V 99 mcg
Iron, Fe 0.7 mg
Iodine, I 5 μg
Cobalt, Co 2 μg
Lithium, Li 6 μg
Manganese, Mn 0.2 mg
Copper, Cu 80 mcg
Molybdenum, Mo 20 mcg
Nickel, Ni 6 μg
Rubidium, Rb 23.5 mcg
Selenium, Se 0.1 μg
Strontium, Sr 8.7 mcg
Fluorine, F 55 mcg
Chrome, Cr 3 μg
Zinc, Zn 0,4 mg
Starch and dextrins 0.2 g
Mono- and disaccharides (sugars) 6,7 g
Glucose (dextrose) 2.5 g
Sucrose 3.5 g
Fructose 1 g
Essential amino acids 0.312 g
Essential amino acids 0.595 g
Saturated fatty acids 0.037 g
Polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.135 g

KBZhU and glycemic index

The calorie content of raw carrots is 33-35 kcal, the glycemic index (GI) is 35 units. Boiled and stewed carrots have a lower energy value - 26 kcal. A vegetable in this form is easier to digest, but at the same time the GI increases to 85 units. The content of proteins, fats and carbohydrates depends on the method of heat treatment of the root crop.

Substances Boiled carrots without salt Raw carrots
Protein 0.8 g 1.3 g
Fats 0.2 g 0.1 g
Carbohydrates 5.2 g 6.9 g

Raises blood sugar or lowers

Heat treatment of vegetables increases their glycemic index. Therefore, after taking stewed or boiled carrots, the level of glucose in the blood rises sharply. The pancreas begins to produce insulin. Its release reduces the amount of glucose, after a short time hunger reappears, followed by food intake. This should not be allowed, since most diabetics have problems with being overweight.

Raw carrots have a low GI, so the breakdown and conversion of carbohydrates into glucose occurs gradually over time. The rate of increase in blood sugar is minimal. Foods with a low glycemic index keep you feeling full for a long time and prevent the accumulation of new body fat, which is especially important for overweight people.

Output. The level of glucose in the blood is increased by thermally processed carrots: boiled, stewed, steamed.

Useful properties of carrots

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Carrots are a source of carotene. This strong antioxidant protects against infections, increases the body's ability to withstand harmful environmental factors, strengthens the immune system, and has a beneficial effect on the state of large and small vessels.

Carrots are valued for their high content of vitamin A - 2000 mcg per 100 g. It is necessary for vision, health of skin and hair, normal formation of bones and teeth, maintenance of metabolism. Its other functions:

  • takes part in the formation of new cells;
  • participates in the production of steroid hormones;
  • slows down the aging process;
  • prevents the development of malignant tumors;
  • reduces the content of bad cholesterol in the blood.

Carrots to some extent replenish the body's need for B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, choline, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folates), vitamins C, E, H, K, PP. The vegetable also has a rich mineral composition: potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, chlorine, iodine, copper, selenium, fluorine, iron, zinc.

Carrots contain 20 essential and nonessential amino acids, omega-3 and omega-6, saturated fatty acids... They help vitamins and minerals to be absorbed, participate in the formation of proteins, improve mental abilities, and increase the body's resistance to disease.

Carrots help prevent the development of hypertension, heart ischemia, heart failure, as it relieves the body of excess cholesterol, normalizes blood circulation, increases the strength and elasticity of the walls of blood vessels.

It has a positive effect on the functioning of the liver, kidneys and the entire urinary system, which manifests itself in the elimination of excess fluid and harmful substances from the body. Thanks to fiber, it has anti-inflammatory properties, improves intestinal microflora, helps to cope with pre-existing constipation.

It is interesting:

Is it possible to eat onions with diabetes.

Can melon be eaten with type 2 diabetes?

Can you eat watermelon for type 2 diabetes?

Can you eat carrots for type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

Is it possible to eat carrots with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus is a relative concept. Meal planning must be approached responsibly. This is not a temporary treatment that is associated with certain restrictions on certain foods, but a lifestyle. It is wrong to eliminate all medium to high GI foods. It is important to observe the measure here. A small amount of a prohibited product will not harm health if you compensate for it during the day with a stricter diet in relation to other components of the menu. And the safest product can become harmful if consumed in unlimited quantities.

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Answering the question whether diabetics can take carrots, it is necessary to take into account a number of factors, including:

  • vegetable cooking technology;
  • the use of heat treatment;
  • combination with other products;
  • activity of enzymatic reactions in the intestine.

It is advisable to exclude boiled and stewed carrots from the diet or to reduce their use to a minimum, since its glycemic index tends to 90 units. In its raw form, it is allowed to eat no more than 200 g of root vegetables per day.

Council. Questions about what foods are allowed for type 2 diabetes, whether or not carrots, in what form and quantity, are discussed with a nutritionist personally. Each organism is individual, therefore, when planning a menu, a specialist takes into account the severity of symptoms, the presence of concomitant diseases, the patient's age, gender and body weight, lifestyle, and dietary habits.

How can she harm

After heat treatment, carrots have a high glycemic index, respectively, after they enter the body, sugar indicators quickly increase. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin to lower glucose levels. As a result, the patient's condition worsens, the disease progresses.

Boiled and stewed carrots are easier to digest, but require increased insulin production, provoking hunger. Excessive use of such a product leads to the depletion of the pancreas and the accumulation of new fatty deposits. Insulin, which is produced in large quantities, slows down the breakdown of fat, which causes weight gain. This should not be tolerated by patients with diabetes mellitus who are overweight and strive to lose weight.

What is the use

One of the most significant effects of carrots is to cleanse the digestive system of toxins, toxins and other harmful substances.... The vegetable contains coarse plant fibers (fiber), which cleanse the intestines well, activate metabolism, and improve digestion.

The obvious benefit of fresh carrots is their low GI. The orange root vegetable supplies the blood with glucose gradually, the energy released lasts for several hours. With this approach, the load on the pancreas is reduced, a uniform energy consumption is ensured, and the likelihood of the accumulation of new fatty deposits is reduced.

Carrots grown without the addition of pesticides are a source of vitamins, micro- and macronutrients necessary to maintain normal life processes and well-being. B vitamins improve the functioning of the nervous system, normalize night sleep, and reduce the effects of stress. Vitamin E increases the strength and elasticity of the vascular walls, takes an active part in the formation of new blood cells.

Retinol neutralizes the action of dangerous free radicals, magnesium and potassium improve neuromuscular transmission, ascorbic acid activates the immune system. It is the well-coordinated work of all organs and systems that has a beneficial effect on the course of diabetes mellitus, promotes stable remission, and reduces the risk of possible complications.

How and how often to eat carrots for type 1 and 2 diabetes

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Despite the presence of carbohydrates in the composition of carrots, it should be present in the diet of patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus, but in limited quantities. Without harm to health, you can eat no more than 200 g of fresh carrots or 100 g of boiled or stewed carrots per day. For diabetes, carrot juice is limited to 200-250 ml per day. You can not use orange root vegetable and dishes from it every day, the optimal frequency is 2-3 times a week.

How to choose a root vegetable

Ideally, use carrots of your own harvest or grown in guaranteed safe conditions without pesticides. The quality of the product, storage conditions and the method of heat treatment determine its benefits for the body, the rate of increase in blood sugar and insulin levels.

What you should pay attention to when buying carrots in the market, in stores, supermarkets:

  1. Tops. Should be fresh, deep green. Withered yellow leaves are a sign of long-term storage of the vegetable.
  2. Roots. Fleshy, firm to the touch, bright orange color, without traces of damage by insects, cracks, black spots and other damage.
  3. The size. The most juicy and tasty are medium-sized root vegetables, weighing about 150 g. Too large, usually tough and, as a rule, oversaturated with nitrates.

How to store

Carrots are stored in the refrigerator for 1-2 months or all winter in a cool, humid place. Before laying the root crops in the refrigerator, remove the tops, wash the carrots thoroughly, dry them. Packaged in bags or containers, providing air access.

For long-term storage, unwashed roots are folded in layers in a box or bucket, each layer sprinkled with sand or sawdust. The room temperature should be at the level of 0 ... + 5 ° С, humidity - 85-90%.

In what form to use

Nutritionists recommend eating the root vegetable boiled or stewed, since during the heat treatment it increases the content of phenols and antioxidants. These substances slow down the aging process and resist the development of diseases, including diabetes. So the vegetable is easier to digest, and besides, you won't eat much of it.

However, if we take into account an important characteristic of carbohydrates (glycemic index), then it is more slowly broken down to glucose and gradually saturates the blood with it, and the fresh carrots provide even energy consumption. If you eat it in acceptable amounts, the likelihood of a sharp rise in blood sugar levels is zero.

In limited quantities, diabetics are allowed freshly prepared carrot juice. In the process of processing carrots, it retains all the substances useful for the human body, quickly and for a long time satisfies the feeling of hunger, and reduces the level of bad cholesterol in the blood.

With what to eat

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Carrots go well with almost all foods, but diabetics are allowed only those that have a low and medium glycemic index. Making the right choice will help you compile a list of foods with a GI of 5 to 55 units, which includes:

  • vegetables - lettuce, broccoli, avocado, green beans, mushrooms, white cabbage, bell peppers, tomatoes, celery, spinach, radish, onions, eggplant;
  • fruits and berries - lemon, orange, cherry, currant, raspberry, sweet cherry, strawberry, blueberry, gooseberry, blackberry, pear, grapefruit, pomegranate, apricot;
  • garden herbs - parsley, dill, green onions, lettuce, horseradish;
  • nuts - hazelnuts, almonds, peanuts, pistachios, hazelnuts and pine nuts;
  • fish and seafood - oysters, mussels, shrimps, crayfish;
  • lean baked or boiled meat - turkey, rabbit, veal, beef, chicken fillet;
  • legumes - lentils, peas, beans;
  • dried fruits - raisins, dried apricots;
  • Brown rice;
  • durum wheat pasta;
  • buckwheat;
  • boiled potatoes.

Any of the above products are allowed to be consumed in limited quantities. Heat treatment increases the GI, while proteins and fats decrease this indicator. Therefore, the diet of diabetics should be mixed. Whenever possible, vegetables and fruits are eaten raw.

For reference... For better assimilation carrot season with a small amount of vegetable oil.

Recipes with carrots for type 1 and 2 diabetes

The list of foods with low and medium glycemic index is varied, which allows you to organize a balanced and varied diet. Carrots are used in cooking as a spice, food seasoning, ingredient in first and second courses, salads, canned food, desserts.

Below we will consider delicious and simple recipes with carrots for diabetics.

Vegetable soup with meatballs


  • vegetable broth - 1.2 l;
  • beef - 200-300 g;
  • onions - 2 pcs.;
  • carrots - 1 pc.;
  • colored broccoli - 400 g;
  • greens - 20-30 g;
  • chicken egg - 1 pc .;
  • vegetable oil - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • salt and pepper to taste.

Cooking process:

  1. Make minced meat from beef, add one chopped onion, raw egg, salt and pepper to taste. Form the meatballs.
  2. Cut the second onion into small pieces, chop the carrots on a grater. Saute vegetables in a little vegetable oil until golden brown.
  3. Put cabbage and meatballs in boiling broth. Simmer until the meat is tender.
  4. Add the fried onions and carrots 10-15 minutes before the soup is ready. Serve garnished with finely chopped herbs.

Diet carrot cutlets

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?


  • fresh carrots - 400 g (3-4 medium root crops);
  • semolina - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • wheat bran - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • vegetable oil - 1 tbsp. l .;
  • lemon juice - 1 tbsp. l .;
  • lemon zest;
  • salt;
  • water.

How to cook cutlets:

  1. Chop the carrots on a medium grater. Simmer in a saucepan until half cooked with the addition of a small amount of water.
  2. Add all the other ingredients to the carrots: semolina, bran, lemon juice and zest, salt, vegetable oil.
  3. Mix the mass well, form small cutlets, place on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.
  4. Bake in a preheated oven for 15-20 minutes at 200 ° C.
  5. Before serving, add 1 tbsp. l. low-fat yogurt or sour cream.

Carrot and cabbage salad


  • large carrots - 1 pc .;
  • white cabbage - 300 g;
  • onions - 20-30 g;
  • vegetable oil - 1 tbsp. l .;
  • lemon juice - 1 tsp;
  • salt and pepper to taste;
  • any greens.


  1. Chop the cabbage, chop the carrots on a Korean grater, thinly cut the onion into half rings.
  2. Season the vegetables with vegetable oil and lemon juice, add salt, pepper, chopped herbs. Mix everything well.

Carrot cake


  • large carrots - 2 pcs.;
  • wheat flour - 50 g;
  • oatmeal - 100 g;
  • milk - 200 ml;
  • chicken eggs - 4 pcs.;
  • baking powder - 1 tsp;
  • salt on the tip of a knife;
  • vanilla sugar;
  • butter for greasing the mold.


  1. Pour the flakes with warm milk and leave to swell.
  2. Peel and chop the carrots on a fine grater.
  3. Beat eggs with a mixer with salt and vanilla sugar.
  4. Pour flakes and carrots into the egg mixture, mix.
  5. Sift flour, add baking powder. Introduce parts into the bulk.
  6. Grease the form with butter, put the dough. Place in a preheated oven. Bake for 50 minutes at 180 ° C.
  7. Cool, remove from the mold, sprinkle with powdered sugar on top.

Carrot and apple smoothie

Can you eat carrots for type 1 or type 2 diabetes?


  • carrots - 1 pc.;
  • apple - 1 pc.;
  • apple juice - 100 ml;
  • cinnamon to taste.

Smoothie preparation:

  1. Peel the apple and carrots, chop coarsely and put them in a blender bowl.
  2. Add apple juice and cinnamon. Beat until smooth. Drink chilled.


Fresh carrots must be included in the menu of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It serves as a source of vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Root vegetables contain vegetable fiber, the consumption of which slows down the absorption of sugar from complex carbohydrates.

To maintain good health and prevent possible complications (for example, hyperglycemic coma), it is necessary to correctly plan the menu, properly prepare carrots and combine with other products, and consume in limited quantities.

Add a comment