The basics of crop rotation from experienced summer residents: what can be planted after carrots next year
A rich harvest of vegetables largely depends on the correct neighborhood and crop rotation on the site. Thanks to a competent crop rotation, you can effectively "pump" the soil on the site and even reduce the number of weeds.
Read about, after which it is better to plant carrots and what to plant after it, which plants to plant nearby, and which ones - further away, read our article.
The content of the article
- Why is it important to follow the rules of crop rotation
- What is the best to plant after carrots next year
- After which it is better to grow carrots
- What to plant next
- Tips from experienced gardeners
Why is it important to follow the rules of crop rotation
If you neglect crop rotation, you can lose a significant part of the crop. It is necessary to plant vegetables according to its rules for the following reasons:
- When growing one type of crops, the same pathogens and pests accumulate in the soil, which requires additional processing of plants.
- The same vegetable crops absorb certain nutrients from the soil. Sucking out the same trace elements dramatically depletes the earth. The problem is solved by the introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers, which will require material costs.
- If the rules of crop rotation are not followed, toxic substances (viburnum) accumulate in the ground, which are secreted by the roots of plants. And if vegetables are grown in the same place for several years in a row, then the concentration of harmful compounds will be exceeded and will have a depressing effect on the planted crops.
Besides, observance of the rules of rotation of vegetables will reduce the number of weeds and prevent soil depletion.
Crop rotation of carrots in the greenhouse and open field
It is difficult to maintain crop rotation rules in greenhouses due to the saving of usable area and energy consumption. Carrots get along well with tomatoes, garlic, cucumbers and onions. In greenhouses, it is used as the main crop, and onions are used as an additional crop.
Carrots are often grown outdoors. This the vegetable is highly susceptible to its own toxins released during growth... It is recommended to re-grow it on the site only after 4-5 years.
Green manure is used to improve the soil... The scheme of alternating vegetables after carrots is as follows: in the first year - sowing green manure crops, in the second year - cabbage or cucumbers, in the third year - again green manure crops, in the fourth - onions.
The note! Siderates include mustard, legumes, vetch, rapeseed, alfalfa, clover, lupine, oats, buckwheat, and radish. They contain large quantities of trace elements important for plants (nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus), as well as proteins, sugars, starch. When grown, their root system normalizes the soil structure.
What is best to plant after carrots next year
Carrots greatly impoverish the soil... It takes a lot of potassium and phosphorus from the ground: 4 times more than tomatoes and 3 times more than cucumbers. Planting these vegetables with the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers will restore the balance of nutrients in the soil.
These plants also include:
- various varieties of pepper;
- cabbage, early radish, lettuce and mustard;
- legumes (beans, peas, beans);
- nightshade (tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, physalis, sweet potatoes);
- artichokes with good drainage.
It is advisable to plant vegetables with a superficial root system. and "aboveground" harvest.
What should not be planted
Of course, you can't plant carrots themselves.
Will grow poorly:
- melons (watermelons, pumpkins, squash, melons, zucchini);
- greens and herbs;
- celery, chard and spinach;
- onion and garlic.
Interesting on the topic:
Is it possible to plant garlic and onions after carrots for the winter
Sowing onions and garlic after harvesting carrots is undesirable... Root crops deplete the soil and the soil needs to be allowed to rest. The best option is green manure plants.
After which it is better to grow carrots
Carrots are sensitive to soil components and fertilizers present in them... It's good if its predecessors are cucumbers, onions, tomatoes, potatoes. Alternating with these vegetables helps to preserve the quality of the earth and the necessary nutrients.
- nightshades (potatoes, tomatoes and physalis);
- pumpkin, cucumbers, zucchini, watermelons;
- cabbage, onions and garlic;
- spicy herbs (basil, tarragon);
- green herbs (spinach, chard);
- legumes (peas, beans, beans).
Bad precursors for carrots
Undesirable plants include parsley, cumin, dill and celery. They have a lot in common: diseases, pests and consumed nutrients. It is not recommended to sow after sunflower, eggplant.
What to plant next
When planning plantings in the garden, pay attention to the compatibility of different plants.... They can both support each other and oppress.
An example of useful coexistence is carrots and onions. Both plants are often attacked by onion and carrot flies, respectively. The carrot fly cannot stand the smell of onions, and the onion fly cannot stand the smell of carrots. Therefore, by planting vegetables in the same garden, you can grow an excellent harvest of both. Instead of onions, you can plant garlic.
Important! Be sure to grow onions and carrots nearby.
They get along well with carrots:
- leguminous vegetables (peas, beans) make the soil loose and enrich with nitrogen;
- salad - it helps to retain moisture;
- spinach, tomatoes, radish, cabbage, radish, beets;
- various herbs.
Can't grow nearby cabbage, cucumbers and fennel, as well as dill, celery and other umbrella - they attract common pests.
Important! Carrots do not like the neighborhood of weeds. Plant in a weed-free area.
Tips from experienced gardeners
Relying on classic techniques, many experienced gardeners give useful advice:
- On the beds after carrots, it is good to breed strawberry and strawberry bushes.
- To protect against carrot flies, it is advisable to plant calendula or marigolds around the perimeter of the garden, use alternating rows of onions and carrots.
- Experienced vegetable growers advise planting carrots after beans.
- It is recommended to exclude salad as a precursor due to the same diseases.
- A good neighbor is leeks.
- After sweet pepper, the root crop cannot be sown, the taste may change.
- You can grow beets next to carrots, they protect against diseases.
- You can not place carrot beds next to the apple tree, the taste of both plants deteriorates.
- The root crop grows poorly on soil saturated with manure; it is better to plant potatoes, cabbage, and cucumbers in such beds. And the very next year - carrots.
- If parsley grew on the site, then it is strictly forbidden to plant carrots on this place. When there is no other area, dig up the soil and treat with potassium permanganate.
- Perennial berry bushes can be planted on carrot beds.
The rules of crop rotation are simple, even a novice gardener can easily figure them out. By following these rules and taking into account the advice of experienced growers, you will reap an excellent harvest of carrots. All success at the dachas!