Recommendations for the care and cultivation of dill Kibray: how to protect against pests and correctly harvest
The Kibray dill variety is popular with Russian summer residents. It is appreciated for its unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases and adverse weather conditions. The variety takes root in central Russia and even in colder regions.
In the article we will tell you how to effectively grow Kibray, what are the advantages and disadvantages of this variety.
The content of the article
Characteristics and description of the variety
Kibray belongs to the late-ripening varieties of dill; the first harvest can be harvested 40-45 days after sowing. The plant has a large, half-raised rosette of greenery 30-40 cm high.The average weight of an adult bush is 20-30 g.
The leaf plates are strongly dissected, painted in a rich green color with a slight yellowish tinge, and covered with a thin waxy coating. Dill it is characterized by increased juiciness, has a persistent, bright aroma and a mildly tangy taste.
Attention! The variety is intended for planting in open and closed ground. Since the culture is not afraid of cold weather and frost, it can be grown by gardeners from all regions of Russia.
Pros and cons of the variety
Kibray is appreciated by gardeners for a large number of advantages. These include:
- chemical composition rich in essential oils, vitamins and minerals;
- high productivity;
- the ability to grow green mass in adverse conditions;
- long term storage;
- large leaves;
- excellent taste;
- versatility of cultivation and use;
- resistance to pests and disease;
- does not lose useful properties and taste after freezing and drying.
Kibray dill is actively used for the preparation of marinades, vitamin salads and seasonings. It is added to various dishes as a spice, consumed fresh.
The disadvantages of the variety include:
- long ripening period;
- stagnation of moisture in the root zone can lead to rotting of the stems;
- the seeds are covered with a layer of essential oils, which reduces their germination, if no pre-planting preparation is carried out.
Due to its high resistance to adverse climatic conditions, pests and diseases, Kibray dill gives a bountiful and high-quality harvest. From a square meter, you can collect 1.5-3 kg of herbs and 2.5-6 kg of raw materials for making spices. The crop is perfectly stored, remains juicy for a long time and retains an attractive presentation.
Reference! The variety is often used for the conveyor production of greens: it takes a little time from the appearance of the first shoots to stem formation, so you can forget about additional "reseeding".
How to grow
The variety does not require special care - even novice summer residents can cope with its cultivation. Kibray belongs to cold-resistant crops, therefore its seeds are able to germinate at a soil temperature of + 3 ° C and calmly survive frosts down to -4 ° C, but for normal development the plant needs + 10-15 ° C.
Sow in mid-spring, after snow melts from the site. To get an early harvest, Kibray dill is planted in early April, weather permitting. After that, every two weeks, an additional overseeding is done to ensure the constant formation of fresh grass.
Attention! In the northern regions, sowing is recommended to be done in late April - early May.
Sowing seeds and growing seedlings
They begin to prepare the beds in the fall, for this they choose a site with good lighting or light shading and dig it to a depth of 10 cm with a composition to improve the quality of the land.
For one square meter of soil, make:
- superphosphate - 70 g;
- ammonium nitrate - 90 g;
- potassium salt - 60 g.
In the spring, the selected place is dug up again, cleaned of weeds and a bed is formed. Landing is carried out according to the scheme shown in the table.
|Depth of seeding in soil
Seed germination is negatively affected by a film of essential oils that covers the planting material, so experienced gardeners recommend removing it before sowing.
- Place the seeds in a cheesecloth bag and immerse them in hot (about 50 ° C) water for three days.
- Change the cooled liquid to fresh one 3-5 times a day.
- Remove the seeds from the water and wrap in a damp cloth.
- In such conditions, incubate them for four days at a temperature of 20 ° C.
- Dry the planting material before sowing.
Important! These procedures will not only wash off the oil film, but also disinfect the seeds, increase their immunity and accelerate germination.
In open ground, sow as follows:
- Grooves 5 cm wide and 2 cm deep are formed on the garden bed.The distance between them should be at least 30 cm.
- Furrows are watered abundantly with warm, settled water.
- They are planted, after which the seeds are covered with light, nutritious soil.
- After the emergence of shoots, excess bushes are removed in order to prevent strong thickening in the garden.
For those who want to get a harvest early, you can first grow seedlings at home, for example, in e6 cassettes, and then transplant them into open ground. They do it like this:
- Loose garden soil is mixed with neutral for indoor flowers in a 1: 1 ratio.
- The bottom of wooden boxes or plastic containers is filled with drainage material. To do this, use expanded clay, broken brick, crushed foam plastic, clay shards, coarse sand or small pebbles.
- Then the containers are filled with a mixture of soils and grooves are made in it with a depth of 1 cm.
- They are plentifully spilled with water, after which they are filled with seeds, observing the seeding rate - 0.3 g per sq. Dm.
- Plantings are covered with a thin layer of dry earth or a mixture of peat and humus.
- The boxes are covered with cling film or a piece of glass and placed in a dark place with a temperature of + 20 ° C for one week.
- Then they are rearranged on a windowsill with good, but not too bright lighting and periodically watered with a spray bottle so as not to blur and damage small shoots.
- After 35 days, the bushes are transplanted to a permanent place, relying on the planting scheme indicated in the table.
Attention! With a sharp drop in temperature, young plantings in the open field are covered with a film. It is removed when the weather is warm enough again.
Dill is very fond of moisture, so it is watered often and abundantly. Although Kibray is considered a drought-resistant variety, to obtain juicy and lush greenery, 5-6 liters of water per square meter are required. m 2-3 times a week.
Once every 10-14 days, it is recommended to water the dill with nettle infusion. It nourishes the plant with useful substances, enhances resistance to diseases and unfavorable growing conditions.
To prepare the product:
- Take a seedless nettle, chop and fill half the bucket.
- Pour boiling water to the edges of the container and close the lid.
- Insist for 14 days, remembering to stir the product once a day.
- Strain and add a glass of infusion to 5 liters of water for irrigation.
During the season, it is enough to feed Kibray two times: the first one - 10 days after the emergence of several true leaves at the seedlings, and the second - after another 2-3 weeks.
To do this, use a mineral dressing prepared according to the following recipe:
- urea - 25 g;
- potassium salt - 20 g;
- water 10 l.
This amount of funds will be enough for 4 square meters. m landings. After applying top dressing, the bed is watered abundantly with warm water.
Important! Do not use nitrogen fertilizers as dill tends to build up nitrates in foliage.Also, avoid adding organic compounds during periods of drought and heat, as this will lead to burns and plant death.
Periodically remove weeds from the bed, and also loosen the aisles. It is especially important to loosen the soil after rains and watering, as soon as it dries up. This is necessary to remove the earth crust, as it prevents air and water from penetrating to the root system of the bushes.
Prevention of diseases and pests
The Kibray variety is resistant to disease and is not afraid pests, but experienced gardeners are advised not to forget about prevention, especially if dill grows next to other garden crops.
|For spraying against diseases
|Sprinkle tobacco dust over the beds - 1 tbsp. per sq. m.
Attention! Refuse to use chemical remedies, as they tend to be found in dill leaves and be harmful to health.
Reviews of gardeners
A lot of positive reviews about the Kibray dill variety have been published on the forums:
Elena, Almetyevsk: “Excellent variety, producing lush and juicy greens. If you wash the seeds from the oil layer, then their germination rate will be at least 95%. Kibray does not go into umbrellas for a long time, they appear closer to autumn. "
Arkady, Irkutsk: “Kibray takes root well in our region and is not afraid of frosts. Dill grows aromatic and tasty. The leaves are not coarse, suitable for drying, freezing and salting. "
Kibray dill is excellent for growing in central Russia, as well as in colder regions. Gardeners choose it because of its increased cold resistance, unpretentious care, as well as a rich and high-quality harvest of greens. This plant takes root well in areas with a different soil composition and is suitable for cultivation by novice gardeners.