Characteristics and description of the best varieties of raspberries
Who doesn't like to feast on fragrant raspberry jam in winter? The best blanks are those that are made from their own harvest. In order to choose the right one among the variety of raspberry varieties, take into account the ripening period, fruit size, taste and marketability. Some summer residents prefer remontant raspberries, others - ordinary. For some, taste is important, while others rely only on the amount of harvest when choosing. Consider the best raspberry varieties.
The content of the article
- Ordinary varieties
- Repaired varieties
- New varieties of raspberries of the Dutch selection
- Low-growing varieties
- Yellow raspberry varieties
- Black raspberries
Common raspberry bears fruit for 1 year, after the shoots become woody, turn light brown and die. The fruits of most varieties of common raspberries are small, but juicy and sweet.
Early varieties yield a harvest by mid-June. They are grown mainly in regions with cool and short summers, for example, in the Urals. With proper care, the berries of such shrubs are not inferior in taste and marketability to mid-season and late varieties.
The bushes are medium spreading, up to 1.8 m high. Shoots are covered with thick leaves and small sharp thorns. The berries are small and even, average weight - 2.7 g, blunt-conical shape. The taste is ordinary, sweet and sour. Yield stable, about 2 kg of fruits are harvested per plant per season. From the detailed description of Vera's raspberry variety, it is clear that it does not cause problems in growing.
In the southern regions Stoleshnik bears fruit after June 20, in the northern - in early July. Productivity - up to 5 kg per plant over the summer. Among the advantages are the absence of thorns, frost resistance up to -30 ° C, transportability of fruits. The berries are conical, red, shiny. Average weight - 8 g. The pulp is firm, the taste is delicate and sweet. The crop is suitable for all types of processing.
Attention! For planting raspberries prepare the pit and fertilize her rotted manure. The seedlings are pre-soaked in a growth stimulator. These treatments strengthen the plant's immunity and make it less susceptible to climate change.
Mid-season raspberry varieties ripen by the end of June and bear fruit until early August. Summer residents choose these varieties for planting in central Russia and the Moscow region. Growing shrubs does not require special skills - even a novice gardener can get a rich harvest.
The bushes are medium-sized, about 1.5 m high, slightly spreading. Shoots are thornless, which makes harvesting easier. The berries are round-conical, each weighing about 2 g. The pulp is dense, red-pink color. The taste is sweet, no aroma. The average yield is 2.7 kg of berries per bush. They ripen together, do not crumble or crack. Self-fertility is also attributed to the advantages of the Modest raspberry.
The bushes are slightly spreading, but tall - some grow up to 3 m. Shoots are thornless brown erect. The berries are blunt-conical, dark red, average weight - 5 g. The red queen is resistant to anthracnose and septoria, rarely damaged by spider mites. The yield is stable - up to 6 kg per summer.
Bushes are upright, up to 2.5 m high. Shoots are green, without pubescence and thorns. Raspberry Kaliningrad winter hardy, immune to chlorosis. The berries are red, the average weight is 4 g.Drupes are tightly linked, the pulp is juicy, sweet and sour. Kaliningradskaya produces about 3 kg of berries over the summer. The fruits are transportable, the variety is grown for personal purposes and for sale.
Universal large-fruited variety extended fruiting. The bushes are strongly spreading, the shoots are thornless, long. The berries are large, weigh about 5 g each, the flesh is dense. The taste is harmonious and sweet, the tasting score is 4.2 points. Ruby is rarely affected by purple spot, it is resistant to raspberry mites. Productivity is stable, up to 3 kg per plant.
Bushes are tall and powerful, medium spreading. There are few spines, they are short and soft. The berries are dense one-dimensional, the weight of one is about 3 g, the shape is rounded-conical. The color is red, saturated. Pleasant berry taste, tasting score - 4.5 points. Zorenka Altai ripens in mid-July, fruiting lasts 2-3 weeks. The variety is winter-hardy, the yield is about 2.5 kg per summer. Delicious raspberries are suitable for processing, fresh consumption, transportation and storage.
Late varieties of common raspberries ripen from early to late August. They are used for processing: they prepare jams and compotes, freeze fruits for the winter or dry them in the oven.
The height of the bush is 1.8 m, the shoots are straight, there are few thorns. Ruby is frost-resistant and drought-resistant, does not cause trouble in care. The first fruits ripen after June 20. Berries are blunt-conical, average weight - 3.6 g, color is bright red. Raspberry pulp Ruby is sweet, with a delicate aroma. The purpose of the fruit is universal.
Slightly spreading shrubs, yield after July 15-25, depending on the growing region and climatic conditions. Shoots are medium in size, without thorns, leaves are small. The fruits are large, weighing from 6 to 10 g, cone-shaped, elongated. The taste of Biryusinka raspberry is sweet, sweet, with a slight sourness. Frost resistance - up to -30 ° C, high immunity to diseases and pests.
Anfisa raspberries are grown in central Russia and the northern regions. The plant is hardy and unpretentious. During the season, summer residents harvest 4-5 times, the fruiting is extended. The berries are elongated-conical, weighing from 8 to 15 g each. Transportable, do not fall apart during collection. The pulp is sweet and fragrant, with a bright raspberry aroma. Productivity - up to 4 kg per plant.
The bushes are tall, but compact, therefore they are suitable for growing in small areas. The shoots are thick, with a waxy coating, there are no thorns. Fruit weight - about 7 g, some specimens reach 15–20 g. After ripening, raspberries do not crumble, retains their taste and presentation.
Attention! Fresh raspberries should not be stored for more than 3 days. It is recommended to freeze it or send it to dry in the oven. In winter, berries are added to tea or ground with sugar and prepare a delicious snack for tea.
Stolichnaya is easy to care for, resistant to major fungal diseases. Of the shortcomings, a large amount of growth on seedlings is noted.
Repaired varieties differ from the usual ones in long-term fruiting. The first harvest of large berries is formed on annual shoots, the ripening duration is from 25 to 45 days.
Repaired variety of Italian selection. The bushes are powerful and tall, grow up to 2 m. The shoots are strong, with thick thorns, upright. The fruits are round-elongated, even. The color is bright red, weight is 4–7 g. The taste is pleasant, sweet. Eric's raspberry yield is up to 3 kg per plant per season. The variety is appreciated for its transportability and long shelf life. Jams, preserves, juices, compotes are prepared from the fruits.
The plant is highly spreading, with a large number of thorns along the entire length of the shoots. The berries are large, each weighing about 8 g. The color is red-burgundy, the pulp is dense, the drupes are pressed against each other. The taste is sweet, harmonious. The fruits are harvested in several stages. Productivity - up to 2 kg per plant. Jacqueline raspberries are frozen, added to pies, and eaten fresh.
Margarita is grown in a greenhouse and open field, the plant is unpretentious. Thorny bushes, up to 2.5 m high. Shoots are light green, leaves of medium size. The berries are attractive: dark red, shiny, dense texture. The taste is refreshing, sweetish, with sourness. Weight - about 5 g, yield - up to 4 kg per year. Raspberries Margarita are valued for their resistance to powdery mildew.
Repaired undersized variety. The berries are large, weighing 4–6.5 g each, red-purple in color. Tasting score - 3.7 points, sweet and sour taste, no aroma. Productivity - up to 6 kg per plant. Penguin is raised in summer cottages and industrial farms. The plant is resistant to diseases and pests.
Fruiting of Alyonushka raspberries begins in mid-July and continues until frost. Shoots are strong, greenish-brown, few thorns. The berries are elongated, blunt-conical, pale red in color. The berry weighs 5 g, the taste is very sweet and pleasant. Berries are used for processing, freezing, conservation, fresh consumption.
An early domestic variety of remontant raspberries. The bushes are vigorous, with weak thorns, the leaves are large, rich green. The berries are large, rounded-oval, the drupes are firmly attached to each other. The harvest time is 4-5 weeks. Fruit weight - from 5 to 10 g, sweet taste, classic raspberry. The color is bright pink, attractive. The first crop is harvested in mid-June.
The height of the bush is about 2 m, the thorns are soft, the vines are powerful and flexible. The leaves are corrugated light green. The berries are dense and soft, the weight of one is from 4 to 8 g. The drupes are uniform, tightly linked. The color is red, saturated. The berries are sweet and sugary; due to their dense pulp, they are suitable for long-distance transportation. Delbar Manifik frost resistance - up to -27 ° С. Productivity - up to 5 kg of berries per season. The variety rarely gets sick, but it is recommended regularly treat it from pests.
Ripening period is medium early, the harvest is harvested in mid or late June. Elongated conical berries, red-pink color. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant. Fruit weight - 3–7 g. For a good yield, raspberries are formed and cut offotherwise Prosper will get sick often. The variety is grown mainly in the middle zone of the country.
New varieties of raspberries of the Dutch selection
Dutch varieties are famous for their large and juicy fruits. Raspberries adapt perfectly to Russian growing conditions and show stable yields.
Repaired high-yielding variety. The bushes are vigorous, up to 2 m high. The shoots are straight, powerful. The berries are dense and fleshy, the average weight is 6 g. The color is dark red glossy. The berries are easily separated from the stalk, do not crumble. Fruiting begins in July and continues until the first frost. The taste is delicate and sweet, with a pleasant raspberry aroma. Productivity - up to 2 kg from 1 m². The purpose of the Mapema variety is universal.
Compact bush, about 2 m high... Fruiting is extended - from the end of August to the first frost. The leaves are large, with a small number of thorns on the shoots. The berries weigh 5-6 g each, the taste is sweet and juicy. During transportation, the fruits retain their integrity, do not darken during storage. The declared yield is 40–48 t / ha. The variety is resistant to pests, diseases and adverse weather conditions.
The height of low-growing plants is no more than 1 m. Such shrubs are irreplaceable if the garden plot is small and there is no way to grow sprawling and tall crops.
Shoots grow at a slight slope, covered with thorns. The berries are elongated, large, weighing from 8 to 14 g each. The taste is sweet and aromatic, the pulp is pleasant, dense. The fruits do not crumble during picking, they are suitable for transportation. Raspberry Generalissimo prefers fertile and light areas, therefore it is grown mainly in the southern regions.
Variety remontant, the height of the bush is about 1.3 m. The bushes grow compactly, the foliage is average. The berries are red in color, dense, sweet taste. Fruiting is amicable, each plant gives from 5 to 7 kg of berries per season. Raspberry Autumn beauty is suitable for fresh consumption, processing, conservation. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew, aphids, raspberry beetles.
Yellow raspberry varieties
Yellow and orange raspberries are always popular with gardeners. Beautiful and original berries adorn the garden plot and look attractive in the form of jelly or jam.
The height of the bushes is up to 2 m, the spreading of the shoots is average. There are few thorns, the leaves are light green. The berry weighs 5–7 g, the shape is blunt-conical. The color is yellow-apricot, with a pinkish tint. Dessert taste, sweet, no sourness. Valentina is resistant to fungal and bacterial diseases, the yield is 2-3 kg per season. An American variety is grown in the south and in the Moscow region.
The raspberry got its name due to its pleasant pulp. Mid-season variety is winter-hardy, unpretentious in cultivation. The height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, the leaves are medium in size, with weak pubescence. Shoots are flexible, erect. The berry weighs about 4.5 g, the color is yellow, with an orange tint. The taste and aroma are sweet, soft berry. Altai dessert is undemanding to growing conditions, yield - up to 2 kg per plant. They use raspberries for processing, cooking, freezing. After harvest, the berries are good and fresh.
Black raspberries are a wonder for Russian gardens. Outwardly, such a berry resembles a blackberry, and its taste is classic raspberry.
The bushes are powerful and spreading, up to 3 m high. For cultivation of the variety, spacious and well-lit areas are chosen. Berry weight - about 5 g, blue-black color. The taste is pleasant, sweetish. The plant is demanding on the composition of the soil, therefore it is planted in the southern fertile regions. Productivity - up to 5 kg per bush.
Gift of Siberia
A frost-resistant and unpretentious cultivar in cultivation suitable for the Urals and Siberia. The average height of the bush is 2.5 m. The leaves are dark green, the shoots are slightly pubescent.
Attention! Other black varieties are popular among summer residents: Black Jewel, Luck, Ugolyok. Growing them is no different from caring for classic red or pink raspberries.
The berry weight of the Gift of Siberia is 2 g, the shape is blunt-conical, elongated. The taste is sweet and sour, rich berry aroma. Productivity - about 3.9 kg per bush.
Before planting, it is recommended to study the types of raspberries, popular varieties and their features. For example, Stolichnaya is suitable for growing in any regions of the country, is immune to disease, and Alyonushka is ideal for processing. Early-maturing varieties are grown in cold regions, late-maturing in the south. Among many summer residents, remontant raspberries are popular - they yield a crop several times per season.