Instructions for processing raspberries in the summer from diseases and pests
Raspberry processing is a must. Many people mistakenly believe that this is required only to protect against diseases and pests. This is not so: processing is needed to improve the taste of berries, increase yields, and prepare the plant for winter. Correctly selected means will strengthen the immunity of raspberries, which will give summer residents tasty and large fruits. How to treat raspberries from pests and what means to use to increase yields, we will consider in the article.
The content of the article
- What processing is required for raspberries in the summer
- Timing for different types of processing
- How to process raspberries in June
- Treatments for diseases
- How to spray raspberries
- How to properly handle raspberries
- Experienced gardening tips
What processing is required for raspberries in the summer
Raspberries are processed throughout the summer. In June, the shrub enters the stage of active growth; it needs treatments to stimulate fruiting. In July, the fruits are poured - gardeners focus on biological and chemical preparations.
In August, raspberries are prepared for the winter season - they are processed with folk or purchased means. Also, during the summer, summer residents regularly carry out preventive and protective measures against diseases and insect pests. Young and adult shrubs are sprayed once every 2-3 weeks.
Timing for different types of processing
In order for the events to have a positive effect, it is recommended to observe the processing time. Otherwise, the procedure will not give the expected result.
Treatments required for fruiting
Such treatments are carried out from late spring to early summer. The exact timing depends on the type of raspberry. Distinguish between early, middle, late ripening. Experienced gardeners recommend spraying the plants before June 15th. At this time, most varieties have fruit set. Correctly selected preparations stimulate the development of berries, affect their taste and presentation.
Attention! When choosing a date for the procedure, you can use the lunar calendar. In 2020, it is June 21-23. These days, favorable natural rhythms are created for caring for garden shrubs.
Common and remontant varieties yield a harvest in the second year after planting. Fruiting is influenced by the quality and composition of the soil, natural conditions, external factors and proximity to other plants. To strengthen the immunity of raspberries, treatments are used from late June to mid-July. Thanks to them, the berries grow large and sweet, the yield increases.
Fruiting of most varieties ends in August, after which summer residents start processing... They use folk or chemical remedies - they protect the raspberry from diseases and pests, restore metabolic processes and prepare for wintering.
In order for the drugs to be better absorbed, it is recommended before the procedure prune old and dry shoots. Excessive branches take away important nutrients from the shrub, causing the plant to weaken and wither.
Attention! Dry and calm days are chosen for processing. The optimal time is early morning or evening when there is no sun. If you spray a raspberry tree in hot and sunny weather, burns will appear on the leaves, shoots and fruits.
How to process raspberries in June
For processing in June, gardeners choose organic products. The liquid extract "Biohumus Eco-Magic" is effective in application. Spraying improves root formation, stimulates fruit set.The product contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, humic acids. The advantages include an affordable price (about 200 rubles per 5 liters), ease of preparation and ease of processing. The hood is used for spraying young and adult plants. To prepare a working solution, 10 liters of water and 10 drug caps are required. The product is used immediately, it is not suitable for storage.
In June, apply "Kristalon special". The fertilizer is complex, readily soluble, does not contain chlorine harmful to raspberries. "Kristalon" improves fruit set, increases the resistance of the shrub to frost and productivity. The drug contains nitrogen, potassium, sulfur, magnesium. For preparation, 30 g of the substance are diluted in 10 liters of water. Sprinkle raspberries in the early morning.
To increase the yield in July, yeast infusion is used.
It is simple to prepare it: dissolve 100 g of fresh yeast and 100 g of sugar in 5 liters of warm water and leave for 3 days.
Every day the solution is thoroughly mixed with a wooden stick to dissolve the yeast. After it is diluted with clean water in a ratio of 1:10.
The resulting liquid is poured into a clean spray bottle and shrubs are sprayed on all sides. One adult plant takes about 4 liters, and a young one - up to 2 liters.
Attention! Before the procedure, it is recommended to clear the soil of weeds and fallen leaves, remove young growth from the bushes, and loosen the soil to a depth of no more than 5 cm. Thanks to such simple actions, raspberries will better absorb nutrients.
Indispensable in July is the feeding "Folirus Calcium-Magnesium" - liquid concentrated mineral fertilizer. It increases the resistance of raspberries to external factors, improves metabolism, stimulates the development of shoots.
100 ml of the drug is diluted in 5 liters of warm water and sprayed with raspberries. Especially such processing is necessary for shrubs with a deficiency of mineral elements.
In August and autumn, raspberries are treated with a solution based on potassium humate. It is a mineral-organic fertilizer based on humic acids. Processing helps the plant to cope with stress after harvesting the fruits, protects against sudden changes in weather and other adverse factors. Potassium humate improves soil microflora, makes it more nutritious. For foliar feeding Dissolve 60 ml of the drug in 10 l of water. Potassium humate is sold in garden stores, the price for 3 liters is about 200 rubles.
Summer residents also use the liquid complex fertilizing "Aquarin fruit and berry". In addition to nitrogen and potassium, the drug contains magnesium, zinc, iron. In 10 liters of water, 25 ml of fertilizer are diluted, per 1 sq. m leaves about 1 liter of working solution. "Aquarin" is quickly absorbed by the plant, is not washed out with water, improves the appearance of berry bushes.
Treatments for diseases
Diseases appear in any growing season - during flowering, fruiting, harvesting. Most often, the reason lies in improper care, high humidity, contaminated soil. Sometimes the development of diseases is provoked by the thickening of the plantings and the lack of trace elements.
Means of struggle:
- A solution is used against anthracnose and powdery mildew copper sulfate... Fungicide compensates for the lack of copper and heals damage, therefore it is used as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent. 100 g of copper sulfate is dissolved in 10 l of water, stirred. It is not recommended to apply the product more than 2 times per summer.
- A solution of ferrous sulfate is used to get rid of chlorosis, mosses and lichens. The drug restores metabolism and compensates for iron deficiency. To prepare a 3% solution, use 10 liters of water and 300 g of the substance. The drug also helps to cope with insect pests.
- Bordeaux liquid is a versatile drug that destroys fungal, viral and bacterial diseases. To prepare a 1% solution, 10 liters of water, 100 g of copper sulfate and 150 g of lime are used. No more than 3 treatments are carried out per season.
Folk remedies are effective against the raspberry beetle, aphids and gall midges.
Gardeners soak 400 g of dried marigolds in 20 liters of hot water and infuse for 2 days.
The solution is filtered and poured into a spray bottle. One shrub takes about 7 liters. Also, this method is used to prevent the appearance of insect pests.
A professional drug "Agravertin" is used against weevils, kidney moths and stem flies. The working solution is prepared before processing, used within 2 hours.
One ampoule of "Agravertine" (5 ml) is dissolved in 10 liters of water. The drug is not addictive and harmless to the fetus, so there are no restrictions on its use. The shrub takes about 2 liters.
How to spray raspberries
Experienced gardeners recommend alternating treatments with purchased and folk remedies. It is important to prepare solutions according to the indicated dosages.
Ready-made commercial formulations
Ready-made formulations are good because they already contain a balanced composition of trace elements. Such drugs are simply diluted with water; there is no need to measure the dosages of different substances.
For processing raspberries, use:
- "Ideal". Universal liquid feeding increases productivity and disease resistance of raspberries. Suitable for plants of any age and varieties (ordinary and repairing). It is not addictive, it is quickly absorbed.
- "Super Harvest". Complex fertilizer based on peat and vermicompost improves the palatability of fruits. They grow large, juicy and sweet. The fertilizer serves as a prophylactic agent against insects and strengthens the immune system of weakened shrubs.
- "Fasco" for berry bushes increases productivity and speeds up the ripening period. Contains a complex of trace elements, suitable for processing at any time of the growing season.
For the processing of raspberries, an infusion of weeds and manure is used... 10 liters of manure and 5 kg of chopped weed are placed in a 50 liter barrel, infused for 5 days, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. Before processing, the shrub is watered abundantly with water. It is recommended to prepare the solution in a plastic barrel, as it will oxidize in an iron barrel.
Attention! The favorite remedy of summer residents is ash solution. In 5 liters of water, pour 250 g of dry wood ash... Insist for 2 days and filter. If desired, add 2 tbsp to the solution. l. liquid soap - effective against aphids and caterpillars. Over the summer, the ash solution is used 2-3 times.
How to properly handle raspberries
So that the processing of raspberries in the summer is beneficial, summer residents are prepared in advance for the procedure. For the preparation of solutions, use a clean container, previously disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The water should be clean, free of impurities. Convenient to use a spray bottle; it is thoroughly washed, the pressure is checked and only then the liquid is poured into it. If you buy ready-made processing products, they look at their expiration date and carefully study the recommended dosages.
After all the preparations, the gardeners begin the procedure. The instructions for processing raspberries look like this:
- Wear personal protective equipment - glasses, gloves, respirator (if chemicals are used).
- Spray shoots and leaves on all sides, gently lifting the bottom of the bush.
- Treat the mulching layer and soil under the bushes from the larvae of pests and fungal spores.
- Check if the solution gets on all parts of the plant.
- Pour out the rest of the product, rinse the container and spray bottle, remove the protection.
Experienced gardening tips
Experienced summer residents recommend regularly inspecting raspberry bushes for diseases and pests, and if they are detected, immediately start processing. At each stage, gardeners use products with different active ingredients. For example, the drug "Fitosporin" is used for treatment, and for prophylaxis - ash or yeast solution.You cannot spray the bushes in the rain - the water will wash off the product, and there will be no effect from such a procedure.
Attention! If raspberries are attacked by a raspberry beetle, before the procedure, the bushes are shaken so that the insects are on the ground, and only then they start processing. Beetles are collected by hand and burned in a heap of garbage.
Experienced gardeners do not recommend processing the bushes more than once every 2 weeks. Excessive spraying is just as harmful to the plant as a lack. A suitable interval between treatments is 2-3 weeks.
Regular and balanced processing of raspberries guarantees strong immunity, good yields, protection from diseases and insect pests. Shrubs are sprayed in the morning or evening in dry weather. When using chemical compositions, personal protective equipment is prepared.
Depending on the purpose of the procedure, summer residents use a solution of copper or iron sulfate, yeast or wood ash, preparations "Aquarin", "Ideal", "Super Harvest". It is recommended to alternate them with each other, observing the instructions for preparation and dosage.