Benefits and features of early raspberries
Raspberries are grown throughout the country: in the Urals and Siberia, in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region. Red and pink berries are pleasing to the eye - even a small raspberry tree will decorate a garden or a personal plot. From the variety of varieties, summer residents especially distinguish early and super-early raspberries - the harvest is harvested by mid-summer. Prepare winter preparations from raspberries or eat fresh berries. Consider the earliest raspberry varieties, their benefits and features.
The content of the article
- The best varieties of early raspberries
- Super early raspberry varieties
- Description of the raspberry variety Early surprise
The best varieties of early raspberries
Raspberry varieties differ from each other in taste, fruit size, and ripening times. Some berries are famous for their sweet pulp, others for their refreshing taste with sourness. Large fruits often found in the market or in the store, small ones are used to make jam or jam.
Large and juicy raspberry will decorate any garden. Fruit weight reaches 10-12 g, they are distinguished by attractive commercial qualities.
The berries are large, their weight varies from 8 to 14 g, the shape is conical, slightly oblong. The pulp is aromatic, sweet and sour, with a pleasant aftertaste. The color of the berries is raspberry-red, there is a slight pubescence on the berries. Summer residents harvest up to 8 kg of crops from one bush over the summer. The plant is medium-sized, up to 2 m high. Raspberries Aboriginal are valued not only for large berries, but also for the absence of thorns - it is impossible to scratch your hands during harvesting. Aboriginal is rarely sick, resistant to powdery mildew. Raspberries are frost-resistant, therefore they are grown in the middle lane, in the Urals and in Siberia.
Bushes are tall, up to 2 m, standard. Many summer residents plant a tree bush as a decoration for a garden plot. Berry weight - up to 10 g, juicy and sweet flesh, raspberry color with a pinkish tinge. The fruits are transportable, versatile in application - suitable for fresh consumption and processing. The hostess adds sweet berries to baked goods, makes mousses and jams from them, makes liqueurs and liqueurs. The yield of Canadian raspberries is from 7 to 12 kg per plant per season. Canadian is distinguished by drought resistance, but its frost resistance is average.
An early ripe unpretentious variety. The bush is upright, 2.5 m high. The shoots are elastic and flexible, the thorniness is average, the leaves are light green. The weight of the berry is 7-10 g, the pulp is dense and fleshy, the taste is pleasant, moderately sweet. The berries are eaten fresh or used for cooking. Productivity - up to 13 kg per bush per season. The Marlboro raspberry is distinguished by its strong immunity against diseases and pests, it is grown for personal and industrial purposes.
The sweetest early raspberries
Sweet and aromatic raspberries are eaten fresh or ground with sugar and added to tea. Subject to the rules of planting and care, a tasty harvest will ripen in June - July. The main thing is not to forget about regular watering, feeding and pruning of bushes.
Remontant a variety of universal use. Thorniness is average, shoots with a waxy bloom, no pubescence. The berry weighs 4-8 g, the color is red, the pulp is sweet and juicy, the aroma resembles forest raspberries. Tasting assessment of Caramel - 4.6 points out of 5. Average drought resistance, standard pest immunity. The yield of Caramel is up to 5 kg per plant.During transportation, the berries retain their appearance and taste. The fruits do not crumble, after harvest they are stored for a month.
The winter-hardy variety is unpretentious in care, therefore, Scarlet Sails are grown even in regions with an unstable climate. The bushes are erect and semi-sprawling, about 2.2 m high. Thorniness is weak, adult shoots are prone to branching. Fruiting occurs in early or mid-June. Berry weight - about 3 g, deep ruby color, conical shape. The taste is harmonious, sweet with a refreshing aftertaste. The pulp is tender, there are small bones. Ripe fruits after ripening do not crumble or crack, therefore they are well transported.
Gardeners have been growing raspberries Patricia for over 30 years. Bushes are upright, up to 1.8 m high. Leaves are medium-sized, slightly wrinkled, shoots with a waxy bloom.
In central Russia Patricia bears fruit in early or mid June. Fruit weight - from 5 to 12 g, raspberry-red color, velvety surface. Conical shape, tender flesh, melts in the mouth. The taste is sweet and aromatic. Productivity - about 5 kg per bush per season. It is recommended to eat Patricia raspberries fresh or send them for processing immediately after harvest. The berry is not suitable for storage and transportation.
Attention! Raspberries are a moisture-loving culture, therefore, with a lack of moisture, the leaves dry out, and the fruits slow down in development. If watering is carried out on time, but the bushes still dry, then the plant is damaged by gall midge. The pest lays larvae on the leaves, which eat raspberries. In this case, it is recommended to cut out all infected shoots and burn them.
Disposable is a common raspberry that bears fruit once a year. It requires the least care and attention, while it has a stable yield.
An early ripe winter-hardy variety is recommended for planting in the Central Region. Resistant to fungal diseases. Productivity - from 3 to 5 kg per season. The bushes are medium-sized, about 2 m high, compressed. The thorns are short and thin, the leaves are large. The shape of the berries is blunt-conical, weight is about 3 g, color is red. The pulp is sweet and sour and fragrant, tasting score - 4.1 points out of 5. Cascade Bryansk is resistant to spider mites and spotting, suitable for transportation, versatile in use.
The bushes are medium-sized, slightly spreading, the spine of the shoots is weak. Berries are round-conical in shape, attractive color, golden apricot. The taste is sweet and sour with a delicate aroma, the pulp is tender, the bones are small. The average weight of a berry is about 2.5 g. Beglyanka raspberries are appreciated for their original color and unpretentious cultivation. Berries are not used for transportation - raspberries lose their taste and marketability, they crack.
The large-fruited and sweet Arbat variety is loved by gardeners throughout the country. Fruit weight reaches 10-15 g, elongated-conical shape, rich red color. The berries are firm and firm, retaining their shape and flavor after harvest. Raspberries are easily removed from the stem. The height of the bushes is up to 2 m, the shoots are strong. The fruiting period is extended - from late June to early August. Berries are good fresh, boiled, dried. The yield of the variety is about 5 kg of berries annually.
Repaired raspberries are the most productive - shoots bear fruit several times a year. Most varieties of remontant raspberries are large in size and have a pleasant pulp with a sweet taste.
Standard bushes, low and compact, up to 1.3 m high... Shoots are light brown, medium spiny. The berries are large, weighing 4-6 g, broadly conical in shape, easily separated from the stalk. The color is dark crimson, there is a slight pubescence on the surface. The pulp is sweet and sour, without aroma. Productivity - up to 15 kg per season. Repaired raspberry Penguin is rarely affected by diseases or pests, and is unpretentious in care.The berries do not crumble, so they are easily transported over long distances.
The fruits are large and beautiful, the weight of the berry is about 4 g. The color is red-crimson, even. The pulp is dense, the taste is sweet and delicate. One bush gives up to 1 kg of raspberries, the fruiting period is from 1 to 3 months. Flexible shoots do not break under the weight of the fruit, and the berries do not rot after harvest, retain their taste and shape. Raspberry Polka is resistant to diseases, universal in application. The bushes are medium-sized, semi-sprawling, with lower than average prickling.
The universal variety is frost-resistant, therefore, raspberries from Paradise Delight are grown in all regions of Russia. Frost resistance - up to -35 ° С. Fruits are large, weighing 7-10 g. The shape is conical or truncated conical, the color is bright red, shiny. The taste is sweet and sour, balanced. The yield of remontant raspberries is 4-5 kg per bush. To increase yields, it is recommended to plant raspberries in well-lit garden areas. Due to the lack of light and heat, the taste of the berries is reduced.
Attention! During fruiting, remontant raspberries need abundant watering. Summer residents carry out the procedure in the morning or in the evening, to avoid sunburn, use water at room temperature. And to prevent the appearance of powdery mildew or gray rot, the bushes are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper sulfate.
Super early raspberry varieties
These varieties of raspberries tolerate transportation well, so gardeners grow them for personal use and sale.... One of the common varieties is Gusar. Recommended for planting in the Central, Middle Volga, North-West regions. Bushes are tall, powerful, spreading. The thorns are medium and straight, the shoots are strong. Berry weight - about 3.2 g, blunt-conical shape, red color. The taste of raspberries is sweet and sour, pleasant, rich berry aroma. Tasting score - 4.2 points. Raspberry Gusar retains its taste and aroma during cooking and canning.
Another ultra-early raspberry variety is Vera. Resistant to shoot gall midge, rarely affected by fungal diseases. The berries ripen together, do not crumble. The bushes are semi-sprawling and medium-sized, with soft thorns all over the shoot. The berries are small, weighing 1-2 g. The shape is blunt-conical, the color is purple. The pulp is sweet and sour, the tasting score is 3.5 points. Raspberry Vera is grown in the West Siberian region.
Description of the raspberry variety Early surprise
The well-known raspberry variety Early Surprise attracts with its fast ripening time, appearance, ease of care and planting.
The bushes are medium-sized, 1.8-2 m high. Shoot-forming ability is good, sprouts are straight, with a waxy bloom. Many short black thorns, medium-sized flowers. The leaves are wrinkled, dark green. Berry weight - from 2 to 4 g, elongated-conical shape, dark crimson color. The pulp is firm. The taste is sweet and sour, pleasant.
The early surprise is self-fertile, the fruiting period begins at the end of June. Due to the average frost resistance, it is recommended to cover the bushes for the winter. Berries are not transportable, therefore they are more suitable for fresh consumption or processing. An early surprise rarely gets sick, which increases the number of ripe and tasty fruits.
When planting raspberries, it is important to pay attention to the soil - Early surprise bears fruit on neutral and slightly acidic ones. A sunny and spacious area is being dug up, organic fertilizers are applied. It is not recommended to plant raspberries after tomatoes, potatoes or strawberries - these crops suffer from the same diseases, which increases the risk of developing bacteria and fungi.
Several times a year summer residents carry out pruning - they shorten old shoots, remove shoots. After planting, fruiting shoots are shortened by 20-25 cm. Pruning increases the productivity of the plant and serves as a prevention of the appearance of pests.Summer residents also devote time to weeding and mulching. These procedures prevent the appearance of diseases and insects, maintain a favorable microflora.
Attention! In the spring An early surprise is fed with a mullein diluted with water in a 1:10 ratio. Old raspberries are fertilized with mineral nitrogen fertilizers before loosening. At the end of the summer season, dry wood ash is brought in - this ensures the sweet taste of the berry next year.
The Canadian and Aboriginal raspberry varieties delight summer residents with the largest sizes (fruits reach 14 g), and Patricia and Caramel - with very tasty and aromatic pulp. From the earliest ripening varieties, Gusar and Vera are distinguished. They are used for transportation and sale, bear fruit stably and are unpretentious in care. It is also recommended to pay attention to the early surprise raspberry variety - self-fertile, high-yielding, tasty and attractive.