The best varieties of black and red currants for the Leningrad region
Black currant is a garden medicine cabinet. Berries are famous for their rich vitamin composition and useful properties, protect against flu and colds, strengthen the immune system. When growing black currants, the main thing is to choose a suitable planting site and periodically water the bushes. The plant takes root in any region. Consider the description of the best varieties of black currant for the Leningrad region and find out the secrets of their cultivation.
The content of the article
- The best varieties of black currant for the Leningrad region
- The best varieties of red currants for the Leningrad region
The best varieties of black currant for the Leningrad region
Loamy, podzolic and swampy soils prevail in the Leningrad region, therefore it is recommended to plant varieties that are resistant to moisture... For planting currants, dry and well-warmed by the sun lands are chosen. A suitable place for shrubs is the corner of a plot or garden bed along the fences. The distance between the bushes should be at least 1.5 m.
Jam, jams, compotes, homemade marshmallows are made from sweet fruits... Gardeners who don't like to waste time cooking simply grind the berries with sugar and get a tasty addition to tea.
The bushes are medium-sized with straight and shiny green shoots. Leaves are medium, yellow-green. The berries are round, weighing 1.2-1.5 g each, black, shiny, no pubescence. Poetry is characterized by a high sugar content, so the taste of the berries is sweet and pleasant... Tasting grade score - 4.8 points. Poetry is resistant to frost and powdery mildew, the ripening period is medium. Productivity - from 2 to 4 kg of fruits per bush over the summer. After ripening, black currant does not crumble, retains its taste and shape.
Alexandrina's bushes are medium-sized and compact, therefore they are suitable for planting hedges. The shoots are strong, of medium thickness, the leaves are rich green. Berries are dense, round, average weight - 1 g. Sweet taste with slight sourness, harmonious. The ripening period of Alexandrina is medium late. Among the advantages are frost resistance, immunity to insects and diseases.... In use, the berries are universal, due to their dense structure, they are transportable and keeping quality.
The currant is fast-growing, begins bearing fruit in the second year after planting. The ripening period is average, the harvest is harvested in the second decade of July. Bushes vigorous and dense, yellow-green leaves are corrugated. The berries are round-oval, black, average weight - 1.5 g. The separation is dry, the skin is dense. Belarusian sweet is distinguished by its sugariness of taste, ideal for fresh consumption and processing... Productivity - 3.7 kg per bush, self-fertility reaches 60%. Currants are unpretentious in cultivation, which is why they are popular among amateur gardeners.
Interesting! To increase the yield of black currants, it is recommended to plant several different varieties next to each other. It is also important to keep a distance between the bushes of 1-2 m, and when planting along the fence, leave a distance of 1.2 m.
With large berries
Large-fruited currants grown for sale and personal use. The weight of berries is influenced by weather conditions and fertilizers - potash salt and nitrogen-containing dressings are applied under the bushes.In order for the berries to grow healthy and large, gardeners annually thin out bushes and remove dry shoots.
Currant Selechenskaya resistant to spring frosts, rarely affected by powdery mildew and bud mites... Medium-sized bushes are demanding on the planting site, so the soil is fertilized with organic matter in advance and debris and weeds are removed. The leaves are green, dull and wrinkled. The weight of rounded berries reaches 3.3 g, the color is black, shiny. The currants ripen together, do not crumble or crack. The peel is dense, dry separation. The pulp is tasty, sweet, with a berry aroma. Tasting score of Selechenskaya - 4.7 points.
The variety is medium late and self-fertile, characterized by a stable high yield - over the summer, one plant gives up to 4 kg of yield. Drought resistance and frost resistance are high, diseases are rarely affected. Shoots are straight, light brown, leaves are large. The berries are one-dimensional, round or flat-round in shape, weight varies from 1.5 to 2.3 g. The color is black, shiny, the skin is of medium density, the pulp is juicy and tender. The taste is harmonious, Bagira's tasting score is 4.8 points. The currants do not crumble after ripening, they are transportable. Suitable for processing and fresh consumption.
Super early variety - fruits ripen in June... The appointment is universal, the immunity to diseases is strong. Slightly spreading bushes with thin and straight shoots, wrinkled and convex leaves. Berry weight - about 1.5 g, round shape, black rind, dense, without pubescence. The taste is sweet and sour, the tasting score is 4.8 points. Minx is winter-hardy, tolerates spring frosts. Productivity - 3-4 kg per summer. The purpose of black currant is universal.
Interesting on the site:
Early maturing varieties ripen by the end of June, are resistant to spring frosts, diseases and pests... To increase the yield, summer residents make organic and mineral fertilizing, carry out preventive measures - they spray the bushes with fungicides or a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
The bushes are medium-sized, olive-colored shoots, thin and curved. The leaves are large, wrinkled, dark green. Berry weight - 1.3 g, round shape, black color. Dessert taste, sweet and sour, with a pleasant aroma... The Nara variety is resistant to powdery mildew and terry, not damaged by bud mites. Fruiting lasts 2-3 weeks, the berries do not crumble. Fast-growing currants - the crop is harvested 2-3 years after planting.
The little Prince
The bush is medium spreading, the shoots are gray, not pubescent. The leaves are green, the plates are smooth and shiny. The berries are round, weigh about 1.5 g, black. Sweet and sour taste, tasting score of the Little Prince - 4.8 points... Currants are not affected by powdery mildew and anthracnose, they are drought-resistant, and do not require special skills to grow. To increase yields, it is recommended to feed the bushes with organic matter - manure, manure solution, peat or vermicompost.
The bushes are compressed, do not take up much space on the site, the shoots are thin, brown-olive in color. The leaves are dull and large, dark green. The black berries are round, weighing about 2 g, the skin is of medium density. The pulp is juicy and fleshy, there are few seeds, the taste is sweet with a refreshing aroma. Raisin is disease resistant at the level of standard varieties, but tolerates frost well... It is universal in application - the crop is used for processing or eaten fresh. Fruiting is extended, the yield is up to 3.5 kg of berries from a bush. Raisin is fast-growing and unpretentious in cultivation.
Interesting! The black currant bush consists of shoots of different ages, due to which the plant bears fruit from 12 to 15 years.It is believed that the maximum fruiting of black currant falls on the 6th year.
Mid-season black currant is harvested in July... Berries are used for transportation, sale, storage, processing. Black currant leaves are also suitable for use - their dried and brew aromatic natural tea.
Self-fertile variety... Bushes are powerful, tall, erect. Shoots are thick and strong, leaves are concave, fruit clusters are medium. Berry weight - 1.5 g, round-oval shape, black color. The peel is firm, smooth, dry separation. The variety is fruitful - every year summer residents collect up to 4 kg of berries from a bush.
The taste is sweet and sour, the pulp is juicy with an average aroma... Jam or confiture is made from berries, fresh fruits are used to decorate dishes or bake pastries. When overripe, the currants crumble, so it is not recommended to overexpose the fruits on the bushes.
Pilot Alexander Mamkin
Fast-growing universal variety... Bushes are dense, vigorous, compact. The shoots are thick, the leaves are dull, hanging. The brushes are medium, one can hold from 5 to 8 berries. Berry weight - about 1.2 g, round shape, black color. Fruits are one-dimensional, without pubescence, smooth. The separation is dry, the taste is delicate, sweet. Fruiting is extended, summer residents harvest 2-3 times. One bush gives up to 3 kg of currants annually. The variety is resistant to anthracnose and rust, rarely damaged by pests.
The variety is winter-hardy, resistant to frost, fungal and viral diseases... Strong immunity provides a yield of up to 3 kg per bush annually. The bushes are vigorous and compact, the shoots are shiny, upright. The berries are oval-round, weight - about 1 g, black color. The skin is firm, the pulp is sweet and sour, soft and tender. The tasting score of the Petersburg woman is 4.7 points. The variety is appreciated for its commercial qualities and keeping quality, currants do not deteriorate and do not crack, retains their taste and appearance. The purpose is universal - berries are used in fresh, dried, frozen forms.
To get a rich harvest of late currants, it is important to regularly water and fertilize the bushes.... Otherwise, they will not have enough strength to develop throughout the summer. The berries are harvested in August, used for the preparation of winter preparations and conservation. Part of the fruit freeze or dried.
The bushes are medium-sized and semi-sprawling, the recommended distance between plantings is 2 m. Shoots are straight and strong, with weak pubescence, the fruit cluster is small. The berries are smooth and black, weight is about 1 g, the flesh is firm. Nezhdanchik has sweet and sour taste, harmonious, average aroma. Drought and frost-resistant variety, immunity to diseases above average... Currant is undemanding to growing conditions, it bears fruit stably on neutral soils. Productivity - 3.3 kg of berries per summer.
Katyusha currant bushes are medium-sized, erect shoots, light brown. Fruit clusters are long, flowers are medium in size. Leaves are wrinkled, yellowish green. Rounded pear-shaped berries, weight - 1.3 g, strong skin. The green stalk is long; there are few seeds in Katyusha. Classic sweet and sour taste, with a light berry aroma, tasting score - 4.2 points... The currant is transportable, slightly damaged by leaf rollers and spider mites. It tolerates drought and frost, yield - 3.1 kg per plant over the summer.
Fast-growing and winter-hardy variety... Izmailovskaya currant is resistant to attacks of spider mites, anthracnose and powdery mildew, however, it is affected by terry. The bushes are medium-sized, spreading and dense. Shoots are brown, shiny, leaves are large, saturated green. The berries are round, black, with a firm skin. Average fruit weight - 1.1 g, yield - up to 3.1 kg per bush. The pulp is tasty, sweet, dry separation. Izmailovskaya is suitable for all types of processing.
Interesting! In the summer, once every 2 weeks, gardeners water the bushes with a diluted infusion of manure or grass. Lack of moisture leads to a slowdown in fruit growth. It is recommended to water the currants in the evening, loosening the soil before this.
The best varieties of red currants for the Leningrad region
Red currants are appreciated for their original sour taste and pleasant pulp... It is smaller in size than black, the average weight of a berry is 0.3 g. One of the popular varieties of red currant for the Leningrad region is Natalie. His ripening period is average, he is unpretentious in care. The bushes are wide and powerful, spreading, with thick shoots. The berries are round, weighing up to 0.6 g, rich red color. The pulp is very tasty and tender, suitable for all types of processing. Natalie's currant is winter-hardy, rarely affected by powdery mildew.
Also gardeners allocate an early ripe red currant variety Generous... The bushes are medium-sized, the shoots are straight, the leaves are round, dark green. The clusters are short, the berries are drop-shaped, weigh about 0.5 g. The color is light red, the flesh is moderately sour, the taste is refreshing. The skin is thin, the separation is semi-dry. Jelly, wine, juices are prepared from currants. Productivity Generous - about 2 kg per plant. The variety is fast-growing, resistant to berry shedding and cracking.
The best black currant varieties for the North-West are Bagira, Nara, Peterburzhenka, Shalunya, Izmailovskaya, Izumnaya. Plants are unpretentious in growing, bear fruit stably, self-and early-growing. Gardeners choose Generous and Natalie from varieties of red currants, they differ in their harmonious taste and attractive presentation. Juices and jellies, marmalade and compotes are prepared from berries. Fragrant currant leaves are used for preservation or preparation of herbal teas and teas.