How and how to feed currants after harvest in July
Berries of red, black and white currants ripen by the end of June. They are good fresh and processed, used for making juices and jams. In order to harvest a rich and tasty harvest every year, it is important to feed the bushes using organic matter and mineral mixtures. One of the fertilization stages begins in July, a few days after the harvest. Consider how to feed the currants and how to do it correctly.
The content of the article
- Do currants need top dressing after harvest in July
- What fertilizing does a plant need in July
- When to feed currants in July
- Fertilization frequency and abundance
- How to feed
- How to fertilize black, red and white currants after fruiting
- The choice of feeding in the middle lane
- How to feed currants after harvest
- Experienced gardening tips
Do currants need top dressing after harvest in July
Feeding currants in July is a must. Competently applied mineral and organic components contribute to the fact that the immunity of the shrub will become stronger, and the appearance will be healthier.
After harvesting, the currants are weakened and need additional and balanced nutrition. If not given, the next year yields will decrease, and the risk of disease or freezing will increase with the onset of autumn and winter. If for some reason it was not possible to feed the plant in July, it is recommended to do this in early August.
What fertilizing does a plant need in July
Gardeners pay attention to mineral complex and organic fertilizing. Use ready-made commercial formulations or folk remedies. In just a month, the shrub is fertilized no more than 2 times. The interval between procedures is 2-3 weeks.
Substance deficiency symptoms
With a deficiency of trace elements, the color and shape of leaves, shoots, and fruits change. In the middle of summer, a lack of potassium is especially noticeable: the leaves become yellow and dry, slowly fall off, the lower leaves of young shrubs can become covered with a purple or brown bloom.
Potassium deficiency is caused not only by improperly selected fertilizers, but also by the high lime content in the soil.
Attention! Symptoms of a lack of iron and magnesium also appear: the leaves are covered with yellow-brown sores, which increase in size over time. If you do not take action, the currants will shed their leaves and die.
Currants also suffer from a lack of phosphorus. The first symptoms are deformation of shoots and leaves, their drying out. The root system weakens and stops developing.
The lack of a trace element entails the appearance of various diseasesespecially if summers are hot and humid. The currant is affected by powdery mildew, anthracnose or septoria.
When to feed currants in July
It is recommended to do this immediately after fruiting. The early varieties bear fruit closer to the middle of the month, the later ones - at the end. After harvest, 3-5 days should pass. For feeding, choose a dry and warm day.
You can not fertilize currants in rains, extreme heat and wind. The optimal time for the procedure is early morning or evening, after 20:00.
Fertilization frequency and abundance
Top dressing is applied no more than 2 times a month. The next procedure is carried out only at the end of August to prepare the shrub for a cold snap.
Attention! The frequency and abundance of each fertilizer application is individual. When using ready-made formulations, it is recommended to carefully read the information on the packaging. The manufacturer indicates the dosage and frequency of application.
The abundance depends on what kind of dressing is used and when they were last applied. For example, mineral complexes and preparations are used only if at least 2 months have passed since the previous such feeding, and organic - if the last time the currants were fertilized with organic matter a year ago.
An oversupply of fertilizer is as dangerous as a lack. If you overfeed the currants, it will hurt, shedding leaves and fruits.
How to feed
Some summer residents prefer ready-made complex fertilizers, others prefer folk and environmentally friendly products. Consider how to feed the currants after harvesting in July.
For the complex restoration of the shrub, superphosphate is used. Such a mixture is effective in use: 20 g of superphosphate + 20 g of potassium sulfate + 10 l of water. The elements are dissolved in water, mixed and left for 30 minutes. The resulting solution is poured under the root of the plant or into specially prepared holes. They are pulled out around the bush at a distance of 20 cm. Before adding the composition, the currants are watered abundantly with warm water. The solution is used immediately, it cannot be stored.
Gardeners love ready-made OMU fertilizer for berry and fruit crops. It does not contain chlorine, it is enriched with trace elements and humic acids. 30 g of the substance is used per 1 m²: it is embedded in the soil, then watered abundantly.
Of the ready-made fertilizers, Nutrisol is popular. It contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and zinc. Dissolve 25 g of the substance in 10 liters of water and water the plant. The tool increases the immunity of the currant to external adverse factors.
Organic in July is used only if the soil is severely depleted. In other situations, it is better to apply it in early spring, when the plant has just woken up.
In summer, gardeners use a solution of wood ash. It strengthens the immunity of the bush, protects against diseases and pests, restores metabolic processes. For 5 liters of water, 80 g of dry ash is required. Currants are sprayed from a spray bottle in the early morning. Also, the solution is used as a root top dressing: water the plant under the root.
Compost efficient in use... Natural organic fertilizer does not harm the environment and is harmless to humans, therefore it is used even when fruiting. 1 bucket of compost is introduced under each bush, having previously loosened the earth. Then the soil is sprinkled with mulch: grass, hay, sawdust, wood chips, pine needles.
The cost price of folk remedies is zero, so they are especially popular with gardeners.... Potato peelings are used to fertilize currants. They are washed with running water, placed in a solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes for disinfection. Then they are blotted with dry napkins and taken out into fresh air to dry. Cleanings are added dropwise under each bush. They quickly decompose, the starch useful for currants is absorbed by the root system, the growth of weeds is inhibited.
In warm weather, the plant is fed with yeast. In 1 liter of pure water, dilute 30 g of dry yeast, add 100 g of granulated sugar and mix. Pour the mixture into 5 liters of water and remove to a warm place for 3 days, stirring constantly. After 1 liter of concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of water. Shrubs are watered with a solution at the rate of 5 liters per plant. After a week, ash is added to the soil. It compensates for the lack of potassium, which can arise as a result of root feeding.
How to fertilize black, red and white currants after fruiting
Black currant is heavily depleted after fruiting, so it is recommended feed complex fertilizer "Zircon" or "Gumi-Omi". Means relieve the plant of stress, help to recover faster. They are diluted in water following the directions on the package.
Black currants are fed with urea solution... For 10 liters of water, take 20 g of the substance, mix and pour it into the trunk circle.Urea replenishes iron deficiency and protects shrubs from chlorosis.
Red currants love phosphorus, so it is fertilized with phosphate rock. The substance increases the frost resistance of the root system, improves the quality of the future harvest. Phosphorite flour is added around the bush at the rate of 400 g per plant. In total, 1-2 such dressings are carried out over the summer, before the procedure they loosen the ground and remove the weeds.
Reference. Fertilizers based on humic acids are useful for all types of currants. These are "Krepysh" and "Gumat + 7" top dressing. Thanks to humates, minerals are absorbed faster.
White currant unpretentious in care, but after harvesting, it requires feeding with diammophos. Dissolve 15 g of the substance in 5 liters of water, spend it on 2 shrubs. Diammofoska contains nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, which are required by the plant.
The choice of feeding in the middle lane
In the middle lane, organic fertilizers are often applied. They protect currants from pests, strengthen the plant's immunity and nourish the soil. The infusion of bird droppings is popular in the use.
1 kg of poultry manure is diluted in 12 liters of water, left for a week in a dark place, after 0.5 liters of infusion, diluted in 5 liters of water and water the plant. Fertilizer is applied to special grooves, which are sprinkled with loose and light earth at the end. It is recommended to use rotted bird droppings, as fresh ones cause plant burns.
In the Urals
The soil in the Urals is not fertile, so gardeners use complex fertilizers. Their goal is to restore the bush after stress, to make the land more nutritious and rich.
Use Berry Bushes top dressing from Fasco. It contains a potassium-phosphorus complex and amino acids. The fertilizer is easy to prepare and easily absorbed by the plant. The drug is bought in garden stores, prepared in accordance with the instructions on the package.
In Siberia and other regions
To protect currants from changeable weather and extend its life, gardeners alternate mineral and folk remedies. 15 g of superphosphate and 10 g of potassium salt are placed under the bush.
After 2 weeks, the shrubs are sprayed with a folk remedy: 3 parts of dandelions and nettles are poured with 8 parts of water and left to ferment in a warm place. When the mixture stops foaming, a solution is prepared from 1 liter of infusion and 10 liters of water. Spray currant leaves and shoots twice a week. The herbal solution is used to prevent diseases.
It is interesting:
How to feed currants after harvest
Summer residents are advised to feed red, black and white currants by root and foliar methods.
So the shrub will receive vitamins and minerals not only from the inside, but also from the outside.
In a root way
For root feeding, grooves up to 10 cm deep are prepared - this way more nutrients will reach the roots. Only 4-5 grooves are enough for 1 bush. Fertilizers are poured into the holes and sprinkled with loose earth.
Pre-abundantly water the currants with water: in a humid environment, trace elements are absorbed faster. Top dressing in dry form is evenly scattered near the bush.
The foliar method is spraying with a solution from a spray bottle. As a result, the substances go directly to the leaves and are absorbed faster. Foliar fertilizers are especially effective if the currant suffers from a lack of trace elements, and urgent action is required.
Bushes are processed in the morning, while there is no sun. Otherwise, the solution will quickly evaporate from the leaves.
Experienced gardening tips
Fertilizing currants after fruiting gives a noticeable effect if you follow the recommendations:
- do not fertilize currants if the air temperature is above + 27 ° С;
- use less nitrogen and more potassium-phosphorus compounds;
- disinfect containers before preparing infusions;
- use water-soluble fertilizers;
- do not store ready-made solutions for more than 2 hours;
- alternate organics and minerals, ready-made and folk remedies;
- after the procedure, water the bush abundantly.
July feeding of currants is required to strengthen the immunity of the shrub and saturate the soil with nutrients. Summer residents use a solution of yeast or urea, phosphate rock, superphosphate, wood ash, potato peelings.
Liquid fertilizers are applied in special near-stem grooves, dry fertilizers are embedded under a bush. The interval between procedures is 2-3 weeks. Before feeding, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed, after which it is watered abundantly.