How to propagate honeysuckle honeysuckle cuttings in summer
Honeysuckle honeysuckle is a decorative fragrant vine that adorns household plots with its abundant flowering. Scarlet inedible berries look picturesque against the background of green foliage. To maintain health and beauty, gardeners annually prune shrubs and simultaneously cut honeysuckle honeysuckle in summer. How to harvest cuttings, root and plant them in a permanent place, read our article.
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When is it better to cut honeysuckle honeysuckle
Woody shoots are harvested in spring. Pruning is performed before bud break. Harvesting green cuttings is carried out before the end of flowering. Gardeners consider this period to be the most favorable - the cuttings have time to take root and sprout before planting.
If the gardener missed the opportunity to prepare planting material in the spring, the procedure can be postponed to autumn and cut the required number of lignified stems.
In the summer, cuttings are harvested after flowering - in the last days of July. For this, shoots with 2 internodes are selected and the lower leaves are plucked.
How to propagate honeysuckle honeysuckle cuttings
Before propagating honeysuckle cuttings in summer, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with a number of rules. Young annual shoots are suitable for cuttings. The procedure is carried out after flowering, otherwise the planting material will not take root and die. Pruning is done early in the morning, or a cloudy day is chosen for this.
Reference. Propagation of honeysuckle by cuttings allows you to preserve the characteristics of the mother bush.
For harvesting lignified material, choose annual shoots up to 1 cm in diameter and 20 cm long... 4 kidneys are left on each of them.
The green shoots must be elastic and not break. For cutting cuttings, choose the central part of the shoot. 2-3 buds are left on each cutting 7-12 cm long.
The lower cut is made at an angle of 45 °; the upper one is made straight, 1.5 cm above the buds. The leaves must be cut off.
Cut lignified cuttings are placed in a container with water for 24 hours. For the best effect, it is recommended to add a biostimulant ("Epin", "Zircon", "Kornevin"). Next, the planting material is planted in a greenhouse, protected from direct sunlight. A distance of 20 cm is maintained between the cuttings.
The soil for planting is prepared from peat, turf and sand. Fertile land should be 1/5 of the total volume, peat and sand are mixed in a 1: 1 ratio.
To maintain humidity in the greenhouse, the planting material is covered with a plastic bottle or glass jar until the first leaves appear. The kidneys are irrigated with clean water 2-3 times a day. For the winter, the soil is covered with peat, and in mid-March - early April, the cuttings are transferred to a permanent place.
Green cuttings are planted in the soil immediately after cutting. The substrate is prepared from 1 part peat and 3 parts river sand. The conditions for successful rooting are the same as for lignified material: high soil and air humidity, temperature + 20 ... + 25 ° C. Roots appear in 7-10 days.
Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place
Lignified cuttings are planted in a permanent place in late September - early October, and green ones - for the next season in spring. Honeysuckle honeysuckle grows best in sunny areas and is completely undemanding to the composition of the soil.In the shade, the vine forms strong shoots, but blooms less abundantly.
The shrub tolerates frosts down to -5 ° C, and is characterized by resistance to fungal infections and insect pests.
Gardeners recommend planting a vine immediately in a permanent place. The shrub looks more magnificent if 2-3 buds are left on the shoot. In the future, they give young growth, and with proper care they form a hedge. The trench landing method allows you to create vertical gardening.
For planting rooted cuttings, fertile sandy loam or loamy soil with a neutral pH = 6.5-7.2 units is suitable. In extreme cases, planting is performed on acidic peat or moist limestone soils.
Reference. The root system of the honeysuckle is pivotal, dense, highly branched. The roots go 45-50 cm deep and grow up to 1.5 m in diameter.
A place for landing is chosen well-lit from all sides; support pillars or walls of the house should be located nearby.
The selected area is pre-prepared: the soil is loosened, weeds and plant residues are removed, fertilized with compost or humus (10 liters per 1 m²). Then they dig out planting holes 60x60x50 cm, maintaining a distance between the bushes of 1.5 m. Expanded clay, broken brick or gravel are placed on the bottom.
A nutrient mixture is introduced into each well:
- 1 kg of compost;
- 50 g superphosphate;
- 50 g of potassium salt.
A mound is made at the bottom of the planting pit, a seedling is placed on top, the roots are carefully straightened, watered with settled water, the pit is filled with earth to the brim and watered again.
It is recommended to deepen the root collar of decorative honeysuckle by 2-3 cm. The trunk circle is mulched with straw, peat, and hay to maintain optimal soil moisture.
Honeysuckle honeysuckle is especially popular with gardeners due to its picturesque flowering and unpretentious care. Shrub pruning is performed in spring, summer or autumn and at the same time cuttings are harvested for further propagation.
Lignified planting material is pre-rooted in a greenhouse and planted in a permanent place in the fall. Green cuttings are moved into the soil after cutting, since they are quickly taken in, take root and have time to grow young shoots before the onset of cold weather.