The best varieties of apricots for central Russia
Apricot trees are distinguished by an attractive appearance: during flowering, the garden is decorated with large flowers, during ripening and fruiting - delicious golden-orange fruits. For cultivation in central Russia, cold-resistant apricot varieties with stable yields are chosen. Trees must have strong immunity and powerful shoots. Let's consider in detail what else to look for when choosing and which varieties are considered the best for this region.
The content of the article
- The best varieties of apricots for central Russia
- The most delicious and sweetest varieties
- Varieties with large fruits
The best varieties of apricots for central Russia
Apricot belongs to heat-loving crops, but some varieties are frost-resistant and suitable for growing in regions of central Russia.
Apricot is popular among gardeners in Pskov, Tver, Oryol, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov and other regions. Summers in these regions are warm with moderate humidity, and in winter frosts occur, therefore summer residents prepare seedlings of frost-resistant and strong varieties for planting.
Early varieties rarely get sick and are immune to insect pests. They need abundant watering and feeding, otherwise the fruits will not ripen on time, they will be fresh and small.
Firstborn of Samara
An early ripe universal variety. A medium-sized tree with a dense and spreading crown grows quickly. Shoots are long and thin, erect. For the Firstborn of Samara, a spacious warm area is required, the distance between the trees should be at least 4 m. Apricot bears fruit in the third year after landing.
The shape of the fruit is round, the peel is of medium thickness. At the base, the apricot is light orange, the rest of the surface is pale yellow. The pulp is aromatic, the taste is sweet and sour, pleasant. The stone is medium, easily separated from the pulp. The crop is suitable for processing and transportation.
The variety quickly adapts to the climatic conditions of the middle zone, is frost-resistant and unpretentious in care. The tree is medium-sized with a raised crown. The shoots are thick and straight, the leaves are dark green, rounded.
The fruits are spherical, the weight of one is about 12 g, the color is rich yellow. The flesh of the apricot is orange, dense, the taste is sweet and sour. The crop is harvested in July, they prepare jam and compotes from apricot, jams and jam. The workpieces are tasty, with a pleasant sourness.
Ultra-early variety for universal use. The tree is fast-growing, the crown is of medium density, height - up to 3 m. Shoots are straight, dark red. The iceberg begins to bear fruit in the third year after planting. Fruit weight - 20-25 g, bright yellow color with pinkish blush, delicate and juicy taste. Summer residents harvest in late July or early August.
It is recommended to eat apricots immediately after harvesting or send them for processing - due to their thin peel, the fruits are not stored for a long time.
Interesting! If oak, ash, old pear and other trees with a powerful root system grow on the site, gardeners plant apricots next to them. The neighborhood with old trees protects apricots from insects and rodents, especially if the seedlings are planted on light loamy soils with neutral or weak acidity.
Mid-season varieties ripen in August. In order for the fruit to grow large and juicy, it is important to provide the tree with a balanced diet.Gardeners add mineral and organic fertilizers to the soil, including potassium salt, wood ash, double superphosphate, urea. The soil is loosened before fertilizing.
The tree is fast-growing, medium-sized, the crown is dense and spherical. Shoots of medium size, thin, brownish brown. The apricot is frost-resistant, can withstand temperatures as low as -40 ° C. The fruits are large, the weight of one is about 40 g, the color is yellow-orange. The skin is of medium density with slight pubescence; it is difficult to separate from the pulp. Orange pulp, dessert taste, sweet with sourness. The juice of the Saratov ruby is colorless. The crop is notable for keeping quality and transportability. Apricot is grown for personal consumption and sale.
A universal variety for cultivation in the Central region of Russia. The tree is fast-growing, the crown is of medium density, the shoots are straight and thick. The Countess enters fruiting in the fourth year after planting. The variety is drought-resistant, the seedlings quickly adapt to the climate. Fruits are small - weighing about 20 g, round shape. The pulp is tender and juicy, the taste is harmonious, sweet and sour. Berry-fruity aroma. The taste of the Countess is rated at 5 points out of 5. The apricot rarely gets sick, is resistant to rot, and is unpretentious in care.
The plant is medium-sized with a raised crown. Shoots are dense, brown in color. Fruiting begins in the third year after planting. The weight of the apricot is about 30 g, the shape is round, the color of the peel is yellow-orange. The pulp is firm, sweet and sour, orange color. There is slight pubescence. The stone is large, easily separated from the pulp. The resident of Orlov is partially self-fertile, which provides summer residents with a stable yield and amicable ripening of fruits. Harvested by mid-August, used for transportation, processing, personal use.
The late harvest of apricots is harvested in late August or early September. During cultivation, summer residents pay special attention to protecting trees from diseases and insects - they regularly take preventive measures (pruning, loosening, mulching) and make foliar dressing (spray the plantings with a solution of Bordeaux liquid).
The height of the tree is up to 5 m, the crown is of medium density, the shape is spherical. Fruiting begins in the third year. Shoots are straight, leaves are smooth, ovoid. Fruit weight - 20-25 g, yellow with pink tinge, weak pubescence. Oval shape, slightly compressed laterally. The pulp is juicy and mealy, the taste is sweet and sour. The variety is self-fertile - no need to pollinate it artificially. Monastyrsky ripens by the end of August. The application is universal.
Winter-hardy universal grade. The height of the tree is up to 3 m, the crown is medium spreading, dense. The leaves are large, dark green in color. Fruits are round, yellow-red with orange tinge. Weight - 30 g, pubescence is weak. The pulp melts in the mouth, has a juicy and delicate sweet and sour taste. The stone is small, easily separated from the pulp. The first crop is harvested 3-4 years after planting. The favorite is frost-resistant, is distinguished by its transportability, keeping quality and attractive presentation.
The tree is medium-sized, the crown is compact. Fruits are yellow with a reddish blush, weight - about 40 g. The pulp is juicy and crispy, orange, taste sweet and sour. The stone is medium in size, no pubescence. When preparing compotes, the fruits do not fall apart, retain their shape - hence the name of the variety. Compote is resistant to freezing, rarely damaged by insects. Apricot is recommended for cultivation in the Central Black Earth Region, it quickly adapts to climatic conditions.
The most delicious and sweetest varieties
Taste plays a major role when choosing a variety. The most popular are apricots, which are distinguished by sweet and pleasant pulp, delicate and harmonious taste.
An early maturing self-fertile winter-hardy variety. The height of the tree is up to 5 m, the crown is spreading, the density is average.Fruit weight - 30-40 g, bright yellow color, attractive. The pulp is fragrant and tender, light yellow in color. The taste is harmonious sweet, with a slight sourness. Dessert is suitable for transportation, the fruits are keeping quality and transportability. Disadvantages - poor resistance to moniliosis and sensitivity to waterlogging.
Early maturing variety. The trees are medium-sized, fast-growing, erect and naked shoots, brownish in color. The shape of the fruit is oval, weight is 20-25 g, some specimens reach 30-35 g. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, with a rich fruity aroma. The royal variety is frost-resistant, rarely affected by diseases. Apricots make delicious and juicy fruit salads, summer snacks, cocktails and compotes.
A versatile early maturing variety ideal for growing in central Russia. Medium-sized tree with a spherical crown. Fruits are rounded-flattened, weighing up to 20 g, color yellow-orange speckled. The flesh is firm, pubescence is weak. The taste is sweet and juicy, the aroma is moderate. The large bone is easily separated from the pulp. Early fruiting - the first fruits ripen 3-4 years after planting. Alyosha is also famous for its decorative qualities - the tree looks beautiful on the site during flowering.
Attention! In order for apricots to retain their taste and presentation longer, they are placed in the refrigerator. Suitable for storage are unripe fruits with a rough skin, without spots and cracks. They are placed in an airtight container with a lid; it is not recommended to use plastic bags. Also, apricots are stored dried, dried and frozen.
Varieties with large fruits
Large-fruited varieties guarantee high yields, which is why they are often grown for industrial purposes and for sale. Besides weight, it is important to pay attention to the shape, color, flesh and skin of the apricots. The keeping quality and transportability of the crop depend on these qualities.
Medium late variety for universal use. The crown is flat-round, the tree is medium-sized. The shoots are straight, the bark is smooth and gray. The weight of the fruit is about 35 g, but under favorable conditions it reaches 50 g. The shape is round, the stalk is short, the apricots are easily separated from the branches. The skin is soft with medium pubescence. The pulp is orange, the juice is colorless, the taste is sweet and sour. The color of the fruit is yellow, there are faint subcutaneous points. The stone is small, easily separated from the pulp. Kunach is winter-hardy, average drought resistance. Apricot rarely gets sick.
The high-yielding variety Polesskiy large-fruited bears fruit from the fourth year after planting. The seedlings quickly adapt to weather conditions and are frost-resistant. The adult plant is sprawling with strong shoots. Fruit weight - from 50 to 80 g, rounded shape. The peel is dense, without pubescence, the color is yellow with a red blush and small dots. The taste is harmonious and sweet, the pulp is grainy and juicy. Polessky large-fruited is popular among amateur summer residents and farmers, and is universal in application.
Veteran of Sevastopol
Medium-sized tree with a spreading crown. The variety is late-ripening, the harvest is harvested in August horse. Fruits are round-oval, weight of one - from 60 to 85 g. The flesh is golden, sweet and juicy. The fruits are orange with a pink blush on the side. The Veteran of Sevastopol bears fruit for the fourth year after planting. The fruits differ not only in size, but also in their attractive color and juicy pulp.
Interesting! Cheesecakes, cakes, pies, puffs are prepared from juicy and sweet apricots. The pulp is indispensable for making jam, marshmallow, marmalade, confiture. Apricot blends harmoniously with other fruits and berries.
Summer residents who love early-ripening apricot varieties choose the Firstborn of Samara or Iceberg for planting. Trees rarely get sick and come into fruiting early, the harvest is harvested in July. For fresh consumption and cooking, apricots are grown Dessert, Tsarsky or Alyosha.They have juicy and aromatic fruits, sweet-sour pulp, pleasant to the taste.
For industrial purposes and trade, the varieties Veteran of Sevastopol, Kunach, Polesskiy large-fruited are planted. The weight of their fruits is from 30 to 80 g. Apricot varieties for Central Russia must be frost-resistant, with strong immunity.