Cherry-cherry hybrid Miracle cherry
Miracle cherry is a variety (hybrid) of cherry and sweet cherry, which are called "duke". It is appreciated for its large and juicy fruits, distinguished by dessert and sweet pulp. To get a good harvest, it is important to follow the planting and care rules, as well as to know the peculiarities and characteristics of the crop. In the article, we provide a detailed description of the Miracle Cherry variety. We will find out why Russian gardeners love him and what is the secret of a stable and rich harvest.
The content of the article
- Description and characteristics of a hybrid of cherry and sweet cherry Miracle cherry
- Planting seedlings
- Subtleties of further care
- Harvesting and storage
- Reviews of gardeners about Duke Miracle cherry
Description and characteristics of the cherry-cherry hybrid Miracle cherry
Sweet cherries and cherries belong to the same type of fruit plants. Thanks to the crossing of cherry and sweet cherry varieties, breeders have invented an unpretentious and productive hybrid (duke) called Miracle cherry.
It is grown in southern regions with mild winters and warm summers. In appearance, the ducks are more like cherry than cherry.
Description of the tree and fruit
The tree is medium-sized, the crown is identical to the cherry one, and the type of branching is similar to the cherry. Shoots are straight and smooth, dark brown in color. The buds of the plant are large and dense. The leaves are large, dark green, similar to cherry. Flowers appear on short stalks, large, grow in 5-8 pieces.
The fruits are large, the weight of one is from 8 to 10 g. The shape is spherical, the surface is smooth and shiny, the color is dark red. The skin is dense, so the fruits are keeping quality and are suitable for transportation. The taste is delicate, dessert, sweet pulp without bitterness and sourness. The harvest is also appreciated for its pleasant berry aroma. Duke is rated 4.8 out of 5 on the tasting scale.
Frost and drought resistance
Miracle cherry is a frost-resistant culture that can withstand temperatures down to -28 ° C. Drought tolerance at an average level... When growing the Miracle cherry in the middle lane, it is recommended to provide additional nutrition to strengthen the plant's immunity. Otherwise, it will not withstand the long and cold winter. Gardeners plant seedlings in calm areas, Miracle cherry does not tolerate drafts and gusty winds. Mineral minerals are regularly introduced into the soil feeding- ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium salt.
If a duke is planted in the suburbs, loose and light soil is assigned to the seedlings. This can be a pre-prepared mixture of garden and purchased soil. It is important to monitor the level of moisture - Miracle cherry is tolerant of lack of watering, however, you cannot do without moistening the earth.
Disease and pest resistance
Immunity to diseases is strong, but with the wrong leaving The miracle cherry is struck by moniliosis. This is a common fungal disease of horticultural crops, in which shoots and leaves are first affected, and then a dense brown bloom appears on the fruits. Moniliosis develops rapidly in humid and hot weather, and is common in the middle lane.
Of the pests, the cherry fly is noted - the insect is common in the southern regions. The fly eats fruit juice, lays eggs in the pulp. For prevention, gardeners regularly loosen the tree trunk circle, spray landing drugs "Actellic" or "Zolon".
The plant is self-fertile, so gardeners plant other varieties of cherries nearby. Cross-pollination provides the highest yield. Cherries Annushka and Sisrenka, Priusadebnaya and Yaroslavna are suitable as pollinators.
To attract pollinating insects, it is recommended to spray the trees with a weak honey solution. To prepare it, you need 1 liter of water and 10 g of honey. From professional preparations, gardeners use "Ovyaz".
It is interesting:
Flowering and ripening period
The miracle cherry is early-growing, the first harvest gives in 2-3 years from the moment of planting. If frosts are expected during the flowering period, the plantings are abundantly watered with superphosphate. The duke blooms from the end of May or the beginning of June, the fruits are tied together. The Miracle cherry ripens by June 25-30.
Attention! One Miracle cherry tree gives gardeners from 10 to 15 kg of harvest annually.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the duke include a stable yield, tasty and juicy pulp, attractive commercial qualities of the fruit. With proper planting and following the rules of care, the plant is rarely affected by diseases. Miracle cherry is good both fresh and processed. Juicy and healthy desserts and drinks are prepared from the fruits.
The disadvantage of the Miracle Cherry is self-fertility. Also, the duke is not suitable for growing in the northern regions of Russia, it is recommended to plant it in the Moscow region or in the south. Due to temperature changes, the buds freeze slightly, which negatively affects the amount of the crop.
To get a good harvest, other varieties of cherries are planted next to the duke. Some gardeners may have difficulties - planting and caring for cherries is different from the rules for caring for cherries. In this case, pollination on trees must occur simultaneously, which is difficult to achieve. If the garden is small, there is not always a place for planting an "extra" cherry tree.
When flowering, the duke forms a dense and lush crown, therefore such a plant also performs a decorative function. However, the Wonder Cherry grows quickly and needs regular pruning and crown shaping.
Planting cherries is similar to planting other fruit crops. The best time for this is early spring. If you plant the Miracle cherry in the fall, there is a possibility of freezing of the buds in winter, especially in the middle lane. Gardeners prepare seedlings in advance. The plant should be resilient and flexible, healthy in appearance. Stains and cracks on seedlings, traces of rot or pubescence are unacceptable. All this speaks of improper storage of planting material or disease. Gardeners recommend purchasing seedlings only in proven places.
The landing site must be warm. They dig up the earth in the fall, clean it of grass and leaves, add compost or manure for the winter. To improve the condition of the soil, clean sand or sawdust is added to the soil. Further landing instructions:
- In the ground, pits are made 60 cm deep and 50 cm in diameter.The distance between the holes is at least 5 m.
- A seedling is dropped into the hole, sprinkled with earth, a wooden peg is placed next to it.
- A seedling is tied to a peg, the trunk circle is watered abundantly with water at room temperature.
- The seedling is mulched with sand, hay, sawdust or leaves.
Subtleties of further care
Caring for the duke Miracle cherry includes timely watering, fertilization, protection from diseases and pests, pruning and crown formation. Yield, taste and commercial qualities of fruits depend on these procedures.
2-3 weeks after planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly with warm, settled water. The jet is directed to the root circle or to the base of the trunk, bypassing young shoots. After a month, the duke is watered less often, about once a month.From 20 to 40 liters are consumed per plant, depending on the age of the Miracle cherry. In rainy weather, the amount of water is reduced, as waterlogging leads to the development of fungal diseases.
Attention! The soil is loosened before watering. This makes the soil breathable, water does not evaporate from the surface of the earth, but gets deep into the roots. Loosening also prevents the spread of insect pests.
Fertilizing the soil
In the southern regions, Miracle Cherry bears fruit stably without regular feeding. This is one of the advantages of the duke, plant care becomes even easier. In the middle zone of the country, fertilizers are required - they affect fruit set, flowering, yield and ripening times. Gardeners use mineral and organic fertilizing - manure, mullein infusion, double superphosphate, potash mixtures. Foliar dressing is carried out once a season - the plant is sprayed with a weak honey solution.
Pruning and shaping the crown
For the first time, a crown is formed immediately after planting a seedling in a garden plot. The trunk and the top are cut at 60 cm. In the second year, the shoots are cut at 30% of the total length. Thanks to pruning, the yield of the Miracle cherry and the weight of the fruits increase. 5 years after planting, the duke is rejuvenated - the shoots are cut off at the level of a 4-year-old tree. If not pruned and molded, the shoots will grow long and tangled, negatively impacting yields.
Disease and pest control
To avoid the appearance of ticks, flies and slugs, gardeners regularly take preventive measures. The appearance of mites is prevented from spraying with a solution of copper sulfate; they are carried out in dry and calm weather. In the fight against slugs, loosening of the soil, the introduction of mineral dressings helps. To avoid the appearance of flies, summer residents regularly spray the Miracle cherry with a solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Attention! Vole mice love to gnaw the bark of cherries. They multiply rapidly in winter and eat the bark and the underground part of the tree. Rodents are scared away by wood ash, kerosene sawdust, peat chips. The compositions are placed in a near-barrel circle and trampled into the ground. The procedure is carried out at the end of autumn.
In the fight against diseases, gardeners use spraying with copper chloride (40 g of the drug is required for a bucket of warm water). From the funds allocated "Tsineb" or "Topsin-M". Spraying is carried out in accordance with the recommendations on the package. They buy drugs in gardening stores.
Harvesting and storage
The ripeness of the Miracle cherry is recognized by visual signs: the fruits are filled with a dark red color, the skin becomes smooth and shiny, the stalk turns green. They pick the berries carefully, as damage to the shoots can cause a decrease in yields in the future. Sometimes gardeners use special scissors to pick berries. For fresh consumption, the Miracle Cherry is harvested 2-3 days before full ripeness, for transportation - 5-7 days.
Gardeners most often eat fruits fresh or immediately send them for processing. Use the Miracle Cherry to make compotes and preserves, juices and jams. The sweet and aromatic berry is also used to make dumplings and casseroles, salads and pancakes, sauces and healthy desserts. The Miracle cherry is suitable for dietary nutrition, rich in vitamins and minerals.
Reviews of gardeners about Duke Miracle cherry
Reviews about the Miracle cherry are both positive and negative.
Tamara Konstantinovna, Krasnodar Territory: “The miracle cherry is truly a miracle! I have never seen such large and tasty fruits. I have been harvesting for the fourth year in a row, I am very happy. The plant does not cause trouble, does not get sick. Last year I collected 12 kg of fruit from the tree. Recomend for everybody".
Pavel, Moscow region: “The miracle cherry has been growing on my site for a long time. The harvest is different every year, the maximum figure was 8 kg. I like the taste, pleasant, cherry-cherry.I eat cherries only fresh, as they are not suitable for storage and transportation. Occasionally, the plant gets sick with coccomycosis, especially during the times of frequent rains.
The result of crossing cherries and cherries is called Miracle Cherry. The plant is planted in the spring on a warm and clean ground. Cherry varieties are planted nearby - they are required for cross-pollination and fruit set. After planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly with warm, settled water.
In the future, gardeners regularly fertilize the Miracle Cherry, spray it to protect against diseases and loosen it. Particular attention is paid to pruning shoots and forming the crown. The harvest ripens at the end of June. The fruits are juicy and sweet, with a dense dark red skin. They are eaten fresh or used in cooking.