Instructions for transplanting cherries in the summer to another place for novice gardeners
Transplanting cherries to another place in summer is as possible as in spring or autumn. In order for the plant to tolerate the procedure well, it is transplanted at a certain time and according to all the rules.
For this purpose, choose suitable varieties and a place on the site. How to transplant a tree so that it takes root, subsequently grows well and bears fruit, we will consider in this article.
The content of the article
- Why transplant cherries in summer
- Summer transplant terms
- Choosing a new location
- Preparing cherries for transplanting
- How to properly transplant cherries
- Transplant nuances for different varieties
- Further care
- Experienced gardening tips
Why transplant cherries in summer
In the summer, the cherry is already in the process of sap flow, so the plant is transplanted only if necessary. It should be remembered that a summer transplant can affect the quality of the crop.
In what cases and why is it necessary
The plant is transplanted during the summer months for several reasons:
- trees grow very close to each other;
- the soil does not fit the cherry;
- there is little light at the landing site;
- groundwater is close;
- moving to another site and a desire to preserve a certain variety.
All these factors slow down the growth and development of the tree and affect the yield.
Summer transplant terms
When you can replant a plant in summer depends on what stage of the growing season it is.
Transplanting before flowering and after completion of fruiting is allowed. In the first ten days of June, cherry blossoms mainly in Siberia and the Urals, so in these regions the tree can be replanted in the summer before flowering.
In other areas, the culture blooms in late April and May.
After fruiting, the cherries are transplanted - at the end of July and in August in any region.
Important! Cherry transplanting is not allowed during the period of flowering, formation and ripening of fruits.
Auspicious days according to the lunar calendar
The lunar calendar advises replanting fruit trees on certain days. Such days in 2020 are 1 and 2, 11 and 12, 22-30 August.
Also, the calendar provides for unfavorable numbers. In August 2020, these are the 3rd and 19th numbers.
Choosing a new location
In order for the cherry to like the new place, a number of recommendations are followed:
- The plant loves light, so they choose a well-lit area, for example, the southern part of the garden.
- Since the cherry grows strongly, they choose a place without other plants and buildings nearby.
- Culture doesn't like drafts. A fence or building located on the north side will protect it from cold winds.
- Soil with high acidity is not suitable for wood. The optimal soil type for cherries is loamy or sandy loam.
- If the site is located in a low or humid area, a good drainage system will be needed to grow cherries. Otherwise, the roots of the tree will rot.
Favorable and unfavorable neighborhood
Not all crops can be planted side by side. Some plants release substances into the air that negatively affect the development and productivity of neighbors.
What can be planted next to cherries:
These plants will not negatively affect cherries, and many pests, including cherry aphids and ants, cannot stand the smell of elderberry.
Important! Apricot, peach and plum trees planted next to cherries must be undersized (no more than 3 m), otherwise they will create shade.
What should not be planted next to cherries:
Pome crops, such as apple and pear, will not harm cherry trees, but they can shade them with a spreading crown.
Preparing cherries for transplanting
After choosing the landing site, prepare the site and the landing pit.
Site preparation and planting pit
If the land on the site has neutral acidity, the tree is replanted without preliminary procedures. When the soil is acidic, use dolomite flour, chalk or hydrated lime. The agent is scattered over the site and shallowly embedded in the soil. It is recommended to prepare the soil in the autumn-spring period.
The planting hole is prepared in advance (1-2 months in advance) so that the earth settles. The pit should have a depth of 0.5 m and a width of 0.7 m. Drainage (small stones or broken brick) is placed at the bottom.
Fertilizers are also applied:
- compost or humus;
- potassium salt.
How to properly transplant cherries
Cherries are transplanted according to certain rules. Otherwise, the plant will not develop well or will not take root in a new place.
Required materials and tools
You will need a shovel to transplant a plant. She digs in the roots along with the soil clod. If the tree is mature, and the lump turns out to be large, use an iron sheet-drag, on which the tree is moved to a new place.
Use a brush cutter or pruner to trim the crown.... If the plant is transported by car, its branches are tied up, and the trunk and crown are wrapped with matting or other dense cloth.
When the place is selected and prepared, they begin to transplant. It is carried out by exposing the roots of the tree or leaving an earthen lump. Experienced gardeners prefer the second option, as the plant will adapt faster.
Cherry transplant rules:
- So that the soil does not crumble from the roots when digging up a tree, the soil around it is pre-moistened. It is enough to pour 4-5 buckets of water under the cherries.
- The plant is dug around the perimeter of the crown, leaving a clod of earth on the roots.
- The dug tree is examined; if the roots have damage, they are removed.
- If the roots are dry, they are soaked in water for 2-3 hours.
- The roots, together with a lump of earth, are wrapped in cloth or cellophane, this protects them from damage.
- A small amount of earth is poured into the prepared hole.
- The plant is placed in the center of the hole so that the root collar is located at a level of 3 cm above the covered earth.
- The pit is covered with soil.
- A recess is left within a radius of 25 cm from the tree for watering.
- After transplanting, the cherries are watered abundantly using about 20 liters of water.
- The soil is mulched to retain moisture and protect the roots from frost in winter.
When replanting mature trees, it is recommended to prune the crown to relieve pressure on the roots. Skeletal branches are shortened by 1/3 or 2-3 large branches are removed. The cut sites are covered with garden pitch.
Reference. If you want to get a bountiful and high-quality harvest, plant no more than 5 trees in one area at a distance of 2.5 m from each other.
Mistakes to Avoid
Cherry transplant is not a laborious process, but it is carried out taking into account all the norms and nuances. If the plant is transplanted according to all the rules, the yield will be good.
Transplanting mistakes can cost the grower the harvest, in the worst case, the tree will not take root and die.
What not to do when transplanting cherries in summer:
- transplant on a rainy and windy day;
- choose the wrong soil;
- transplant during flowering and fruiting;
- damage the root system when digging;
- transplant in a shade or damp place.
Transplant nuances for different varieties
There are many varieties of cherries, but in appearance the culture is divided into ordinary, bush (steppe) and felt.
The common cherry is the most resistant to transplants and tolerates them well.
Steppe cherry tolerates the procedure worse and may die after transplantation.This species is moved only if absolutely necessary according to standard technology in compliance with all the rules.
Felt cherry due to its weak root system does not tolerate the procedure. Young trees can be transplanted with caution and only in spring, after the snow melts.
For plants of different ages
It is recommended that young cherries be planted from the mother tree, as they take up nutrients and slow down the fruiting of an adult plant.
Young cherries take root better than adults: the younger the tree, the more chances it has to take root.
Dig up the plant carefully so as not to damage the delicate young root system. Saplings with weak roots usually do not take root, so they need to be carefully examined. The trunk of the tree should also be healthy and the leaves should be even and free from damage. An autumn transplant is suitable for young cherries.
Mature trees are transplanted up to 5 years of age. Recovery processes at different stages of development proceed in different ways. The most optimal age for transplantation is 2 years.
Mature trees rarely take root in a new place. If it is necessary to move a mature tree to another location, the focus is on digging, in which it is very important to preserve all root layers. An adult plant with an earthen clod is transplanted, avoiding exposing the roots.
After transplanting, cherries continue to be looked after. The plant is watered every 3 days for 1-2 months. In a rainy summer, additional moisture is not carried out.
Any oversaturation of fertilizers for the transplanted plant is dangerous. Small amounts of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are introduced, as well as compost, humus or ash.
In the spring, insect pests are activated, so you need to prepare for their attack in advance. In the fall, when the transplanted plant has already taken root, the site is dug up, and the plant remains are destroyed.
Experienced gardening tips
It is difficult for beginner gardeners to take into account all the nuances of transplanting fruit trees, so professionals willingly share their experience:
- The transplanted plant will always be weaker, so it is protected from frost. To this end, in the spring, while the snow has not yet melted, the roots of the plant are sprinkled on them, and the top is covered with earth by 15 cm. Bonfires are also made before frost to fumigate trees with smoke.
- Drying of roots is not allowed during transplantation.
- The root system must be protected from rodents. For this, the planting pit is lined with spruce branches.
- If there is no soil on the roots, they are placed in a clay mash.
- While the tree is rooting, it is constantly moistened and loosened.
- Dry and damaged branches are removed from cherries before transplanting.
The process of transplanting cherries to a new location is simple. If you have started such a procedure, it is worth considering the type of culture, the time and rules for transplanting, and competently organizing a new place and further care.
Attention is paid to the state of the root system. If during transplantation you ensured the safety of the roots, the culture will firmly take root in the new place and will develop and bear fruit in the first year after the procedure.