How to properly cut roses in summer in July: step by step instructions
Cutting roses in summer in July is the optimal period for plant propagation. Green, completely leafy and flowering shrubs give a lot of young growth and preserve varietal characteristics. In this article, we will talk in detail about whether it is possible to cut roses in the summer, what methods gardeners use to root cuttings and how to propagate them in the open field.
The content of the article
- Should I propagate roses by cuttings in summer in July
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Optimal timing of the procedure
- Basic rules for grafting
- Step by step instructions for breeding
- Follow-up care
- Experienced gardening tips
Should I propagate roses by cuttings in summer in July
Summer is the best time for cutting roses. It allows you to create young, healthy bushes and maintain the quality of the variety... For this, green cuttings are used, which appear in large numbers on mother bushes in summer.
There are no difficulties in choosing, because there is enough material for grafting. In the summer cuttings take root quickly and manage to gain strength before the onset of cold weather, and therefore hibernate without losses until the next season.
Advantages and disadvantages
Summer cuttings of rose bushes has several advantages over plant grafting:
- young bushes do not form root shoots;
- it is possible to propagate any variety, and even roses from the presented bouquet;
- easy to get planting material;
- bushes made from cuttings live longer than grafted ones.
The disadvantage of this method is that to preserve young bushes have to be reliably covered for the winter.
Optimal timing of the procedure
Cutting roses is recommended in July - before and during flowering... In regions with hot and long summers, the procedure is extended until mid-August.
Auspicious days according to the lunar calendar
Experienced gardeners advise to cut and root the cuttings on the growing moon.
Auspicious dates in 2020:
- July - 1, 2, 4, 5, 21-23, 24, 29, 30;
- August - 1, 2, 20-26, 28-19.
Auspicious days in 2021:
- July - 4, 7, 13-15, 19-23;
- August - 3, 5, 6, 10-12, 14, 15, 17-19.
Basic rules for grafting
Young stems with bud buds are chosen for grafting.... To determine the age of the shoot, it is enough to break off a few thorns: if they are easily separated, then the material is suitable for cutting.
The main mistake of gardeners - selection of too old or thin stems, the diameter of which exceeds 5 mm. Such material is difficult to take root.
It is recommended to choose the part of the shoot located at the base... It should have 3-4 buds pointing in different directions. The lower cut is made at an acute angle between the thorn and the kidney, 2-3 cm below it. The upper cut is made a maximum of 1 cm above the kidney. It can be flat or at an angle, since this does not affect the degree of rooting of the cutting. It is important to make it smooth and even. To do this, use a sharply sharpened secateurs, which does not pinch or tear the stem.
The kidneys are partially cut off, especially the lower... If you remove them completely, the cutting will be left without a power source. It is allowed to trim only leaves instead of leafy shoots.
Immediately after cutting, the cuttings are sent for rooting.... It is undesirable to store them in the fresh air for a long period, otherwise they will dry out.
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Step by step instructions for breeding
Early morning is the best time for harvesting rose cuttingsas the bushes are filled with moisture. A sharp pruner or knife is treated with medical alcohol, a solution of copper sulfate or potassium permanganate and the selected branches are divided into cuttings 12-15 cm long. They are cut from the middle part of the stem with 3-4 healthy buds. Leaves are completely removed or cut by 1/3 to retain more moisture. Spikes also break off gently.
reference... Fatting green stems are not suitable for propagation of roses by cuttings in summer. They can be recognized by the absence of buds.
After cutting, the material is soaked in a solution of "Epin", "Zircon", "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin" to stimulate root growth. After such treatment, they appear after 2 weeks, with ordinary soaking in water - after a month. To stimulate root formation, a folk recipe is used: 20 drops of aloe juice or 1 tsp. honey in 250 ml of water.
Site preparation for planting
Before you start planting rooted cuttings, you need to select a suitable site and prepare the soil on it. Fertile soil and a shaded place are suitable for planting roses..
Young plants must receive all the necessary trace elements for normal development and be protected from the scorching sun. Florists recommend planting cuttings in the shade of trees or tall bushes.
The soil is loosened, weeds are removed, sprinkled with sod-humus soil (layer height - 10 cm), 3-5 cm of soil mixtures from river sand and peat are placed on top in a ratio of 1: 1.
Important! Compost and fresh manure are not used when planting cuttings. Such feeding is suitable for adult plants, and young plants can rot.
The shoots are planted to a depth of 1.5-2 cm... Planting too deep will slow down rooting. The cuttings are covered with plastic bottles or glass jars to create a greenhouse effect. The plot with seedlings is kept moist - throughout the summer period, the bushes are watered between the shelters.
Rooting methods for cuttings
Gardeners use several methods of rooting rose cuttings: in water, soil, potato tubers, plastic bag, burrito and Trannois method.
Cuttings 1-2 pcs. put in transparent plastic or glass glasses or 200 ml jars... 2-3 cm of water are poured into containers and any growth stimulator is added. Tara is placed on a light windowsill, but not in direct sunlight. Water is added as it evaporates.
After the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in pots filled with ready-made soil mixture for roses. This method of rooting is considered the most laborious and is characterized by the minimum yield of seedlings.
In the ground
A small pot with a diameter of 8-10 cm is filled with soil for roses, in the center make a depression 4 cm, pour scalded vermiculite or sand into it to prevent root decay.
The tip of the cutting is dipped into a dry growth stimulator, planted in the ground and covered with a cut-bottom plastic bottle. The lid is periodically removed from the cap and water is poured into the pot. The opening of the apical bud and young leaves indicates successful rooting of the cuttings. Now the shelter can be removed and the seedlings can be sprayed with a spray gun 2-3 times a day. The container is changed as the root system grows.
Rooting cuttings in potatoes is considered one of the most effective... The starch and nutrients in the tubers stimulate root growth. Medium-sized potatoes are suitable without rot and traces of infection. The tubers are soaked in a solution of "Strobi", "Quadris", "Horus", "Delan", "Acrobat" or "Ditan" to choose from, then remove all eyes.
Sections of cuttings are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, then immersed in aloe juice for 12 hours for better hydration and keeping the slices fresh. Growth stimulants can be used instead of aloe.
Holes are cut in the tubers with a sharp knife... There is one cutting for each tuber. The upper section is sealed with paraffin.
The pots are filled with nutritious soil, make a depression and place potatoes with a shank in it. Instead of pots, you can take thick black bags and hang them on the window. After 2-3 weeks, the kidneys will appear. Cuttings are watered with warm water every 2-3 days, sugar is added to it once a week (1 tablespoon per 250 ml of water) to nourish the rose with carbohydrates.
In the package
Dense plastic bags are filled with soil for roses or moss, after soaking it in water with aloe juice in a 9: 1 ratio. The cuttings are buried in the substrate with a lower cut, then the bag is inflated, tied and hung on the window. A greenhouse effect is created inside the package, which promotes the growth of the root system.
The burrito method was invented by gardeners. The planting material is wrapped in damp newspaper or paper, then put in a black tight bag and sent to a warm and dark place. Cuttings are periodically checked and ventilated to prevent decay. If necessary, the wrapper is moistened with water. The method is highly efficient. If you follow all the rules, the roots will appear in 2 weeks even without soaking in growth stimulants.
Rooting rose cuttings using the Trannois method provides for obtaining the maximum amount of starch from the leaves... Cuttings are harvested after the bushes have faded. Small leaves and limp buds are cut from the selected stems. The appearance of new buds at the bottom of the stems indicates that the plant is ready to continue growing. Cuttings are cut 20 cm long and planted in the garden next to a rose bush in holes of 5-7 pcs. at an angle of 45 °. The cuttings are covered with plastic containers or polyethylene. The soil is periodically watered with warm water and loosened, providing oxygen access to the root system.
Roses love moisture, so to maintain their beauty and lush flowering, the bushes need to be watered once a week.... In drought, the frequency of watering is increased to 2 times a week. Deficiency of moisture leads to wilting of leaves and buds. It is important not to allow the roses to become waterlogged due to the risk of rhizome decay.
The bushes are periodically fed with organics and minerals, strictly observing the dosage... Fertilizers are applied in cloudy weather and combined with watering. The most popular feeding recipe: 1 tbsp. l. superphosphate, 30 g of ash, 1.5 kg of humus. Examples of ready-made formulations: "Fertile Watering Can", "Gloria", "Agricola-Aqua", "Rose", "Pocon".
Yeast is used for lush flowering: 1 kg for 10 liters of warm water. Before use, the concentrated solution is diluted with water 1:10. For 1 bush - 1 liter of solution. Top dressing is applied once a month.
Young rose bushes are left to winter in flower beds... To protect them from frost, they are covered with tarps, straw, dry leaves. The next spring, the bushes are transferred to a permanent place.
Rose garden care finish in late August - early Septemberso that the bushes have time to prepare for wintering. During this period, watering, feeding and loosening of the soil are completely stopped. Fertilization leads to the emergence of new shoots and a decrease in frost resistance. In mid-October, the bushes are sheared: dry, diseased and old stems are removed, the inflorescences are cut off.
Experienced gardening tips
Tips from experienced gardeners to help grow lush, flowering rose bushes on the site:
- On green cuttings, it is necessary to cut off dry brown shoots obliquely to the first dormant bud.
- The planting hole is dug to a depth sufficient to accommodate the roots.
- For cutting cuttings in summer, only healthy green shoots with buds are used. Old and diseased stems are not suitable for this purpose.
- Sick and lifeless roots are removed, and the sections are treated with a biofungicide, for example, "Fitosporin".
- Before planting, the roots are pruned 1.5-2 cm to assess the condition of the core. It should be creamy in color without darkening.
- Before planting in the ground, it is necessary to remove the paraffin from the upper sections so that it does not interfere with the rose's breathing and growth.
- Before planting, the cuttings are soaked in water for 2-3 hours to fill them with moisture.
- For planting seedlings, choose a site on a slope at an angle of 8-10 °.
- Rose bushes love soil with a slightly acidic pH of 5.5-6.5. If necessary, the acidity is normalized with dolomite flour or slaked lime (400-500 g per 1 m²).
- A distance of 0.5-1 m is maintained between the plants. As the foliage grows, it closes, and a favorable environment for the reproduction of fungi is formed inside the bushes.
Reproduction by cuttings in the summer allows you to preserve the quality of the variety of spray and climbing roses and guarantees a high survival rate of the planting material. The procedure is carried out in July - August on the growing moon. Several methods are used for rooting: in water, soil, potatoes, bag, burrito and Trannoy method.
Fertile soil and a shaded place are suitable for planting roses. Care procedures after transferring seedlings to a permanent place consist in moderate watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil.