Instructions for beginner gardeners: how to propagate a climbing rose with cuttings in the summer in stages
The climbing rose is one of the most popular plants among gardeners. Fences, gates, arches and columns twined with it turn an ordinary courtyard into a Mediterranean one. Often, when pondering the design of the patio, the owners wonder how it is easiest to propagate and root a climbing rose. One of the most popular methods is grafting.
The content of the article
- Is it possible to propagate a climbing rose by cuttings in summer
- Suitable dates
- Selection and preparation of cuttings
- Planting ready-made cuttings
- Features of cuttings depending on the region
- Further care
- Experienced gardening tips
Is it possible to propagate a climbing rose by cuttings in summer
Reproduction of a climbing rose by cuttings can be applied at any time from spring to autumn. However, in summer this process is difficult: the shoots quickly become tough and lignified, which is why germination takes longer.
It is not uncommon for the planted cuttings to dry out due to high air temperature and lack of moisture. However, with the right approach, these troubles can be avoided.
Important! Climbing roses almost never propagate by seed, since varietal characteristics are not preserved. That is why cuttings are the optimal and simplest method of planting a flower you like in your area.
Advantages and disadvantages of summer cuttings
Summer cuttings of roses have a number of advantages, among which experienced gardeners distinguish the following:
- lack of root growth in young bushes;
- favorable weather conditions, thanks to which any variety of roses can be propagated;
- all planting material is readily available;
- the durability of bushes planted from cuttings in comparison with grafted ones.
The main disadvantage of summer cuttings is that young bushes do not have time to harden enough, so they need to be reliably covered for the winter to protect them from the cold.
Important! Yellow rose varieties are more difficult to root than others. For such flowers, it is still better to use the graft propagation method.
July is traditionally considered the optimal period for propagating a climbing rose. By this time, the shoots have reached the required thickness, but have not yet had time to woody.
You need to pay attention to the weather: if a persistent drought is expected after planting in the ground, the planted roses may die from a lack of moisture. In this case, the cuttings are transferred to a later date or prepared for constant spraying and moisturizing of young plants.
According to the lunar calendar for 2020, favorable days for cuttings will be 21-24, 29, 30 July, 1-2, 20-26, 28-29 August. Do not breed flowers on August 30-31. In 2021, favorable days for propagation by cuttings will be 4,7, 13-15, 19-23 July, as well as 3, 5, 6, 10-12, 14-15, 17-19 August.
Pay attention to the phase of the moon. It is not recommended to prune cuttings on the new moon. Roses can only be transplanted just before or immediately after the full moon.
Important! Experienced gardeners prefer to carry out cuttings on the growing moon.
Selection and preparation of cuttings
Climbing roses can be propagated by both green and woody cuttings. The former are usually harvested in the summer, the latter - at pruning in spring or autumn (for planting next year).
When choosing a shoot for grafting, first of all pay attention to its thickness and the number of buds. Branches with a thickness of 5-8 mm are suitable, on which 3-5 healthy buds are located.
The cut is made at an angle of 45 ° at a distance of about 1 cm from the lower kidney. The upper cut should not be located higher than 2-3 cm from the upper kidney.
After that, remove excess leaves from below, leaving only 2-4 of the youngest leaves closer to the top. The length of the handle should not exceed 12-15 cm.
Similarly, shoots are chosen to create air layers. In this case, a small bag of earth is attached to a suitable branch in the proper place, in which new roots will germinate.
Ways to root them
How to root a climbing rose with cuttings in summer:
- Prepared shoots are placed in a solution to stimulate root growth ("Kornevin", "Heteroauxin") for 24 hours, then planted in the ground to a depth of 5 cm, always with a slight slope.
- The shoots are covered with plastic or glass caps and watered daily, ventilated and moistened with a spray bottle. The shelter can be removed only after the first buds appear on the shoots.
The rooting process can take up to 1.5 months. The success is evidenced by the appearance of young leaves on the shoots.
Some gardeners practice sprouting roots in water or potatoes. At the same time, the water is changed every 2 days, the temperature regime is observed at + 23 ... + 24 ° C and soft, diffused lighting is provided.
Growing cuttings in potatoes is popular because they are rich in starch and other nutrients, making the process successful in most cases. Choose medium sized potatoes without rot.
Planting ready-made cuttings
How to propagate a climbing rose by cuttings in summer:
- The place is chosen darkened so that the sprouts do not get burned under the scorching sunlight. Place them under the trees so that the sun hits them from time to time.
- A bed for planting 8-10 cm is covered with sod-humus soil, 3-4 cm of a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts is laid on top of it.
- Finished cuttings are placed in pre-prepared soil. They are deepened by no more than 2 cm, otherwise the rooting process will slow down significantly.
- Young sprouts are covered with jars and regularly watered and moisturized. Care should also be taken to cover young rose bushes for the winter, since they are transplanted to a permanent place of growth only next spring.
Despite the fact that adult roses are often fed with manure or humus, cuttings from such additives can rot. You should not use them at first.
Features of cuttings depending on the region
Depending on the region, cuttings of roses are carried out at different times. In the northern regions with cool and short summers, it is better to carry out the procedure in June - July, so that young bushes have time to gain strength before the onset of cold weather.
In the south, cuttings are carried out until mid-August. In different regions, preference is given to different varieties.
In Siberia, for example, these are specially selected frost-resistant roses:
- Rosarium Uetersen;
- New Dawn;
- William Shakespeare;
- Golden Celebration.
In central Russia, varieties that are not afraid of the wind, a changeable climate and are not picky about the soil are more popular:
- Baltimore Belle;
- Bobby James;
- Golden Wings;
Depending on the variety of climbing rose
Cutting of different varieties of climbing roses does not differ too much, however, experts note that the process is most successful in varieties with dark petals.
When choosing yellow roses, it is better to give preference to grafting. If the petals are white or light-colored, cuttings may not be successful on the first try.
After the cuttings take root in the open field, they are looked after according to the standard scheme: they are watered as the topsoil dries up, feeding, loosen the soil and weed. When the bush grows, you can do pruning to give the crown the desired look.
When choosing a top dressing for roses, pay attention to the following factors:
- abundant flowering is achieved thanks to phosphorus;
- chlorophyll is synthesized with a sufficient amount of magnesium;
- the water balance in the tissues is maintained with the help of potassium;
- the green mass is built up thanks to nitrogen, and the root system - calcium.
Top dressing should be done twice before flowering and twice after flowering. After feeding, the space around the roots is mulched with peat or humus.
In early spring, the bushes must be treated with insect repellents with a contact nature of the action. Young bushes for the winter are covered with fallen leaves to protect from the cold.
Experienced gardening tips
Those who have long been engaged in cutting climbing roses are advised to adhere to the following rules:
- Care for young bushes should be completed in late August - early September. From this period, it is not necessary to water and feed the plant. Otherwise, it will continue to give young shoots, will not have time to gain sufficient frost resistance and may die over the winter.
- It is best to replant plants on a cloudy, rainy day so that the roots do not dry out.
- Yeast can be used for abundant flowering. 1 kg of dry matter is diluted in 10 liters of warm water, after which the resulting concentrate is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and each bush is treated with 1 liter of solution. The procedure can be carried out once a month.
Reproduction of a climbing rose by cuttings is one of the easiest ways to decorate your site with your favorite varieties. This method can even be used for roses presented in a bouquet. Compliance with simple rules and regular care is the key to success in this business, which is difficult only at first glance.