How to grow purple roses and which varieties to choose
A purple rose is a symbol of love at first sight. The way of expressing feelings through flowers dates back to the Victorian era, where roses were the best way to express emotions and intentions. The royal people preferred purple in their clothes. Roses of lilac, lilac, purple, lavender shades appeared thanks to the efforts of flower growers. Compositions of flowers of this shade look exquisite and rich.
The content of the article
- Features of purple roses
- Popular varieties of purple roses
- Types of purple roses
- The use of purple roses in landscape design
- How to grow purple roses
- Tips from experienced florists
Features of purple roses
Purple roses are a conventional name for a flower group with buds of blue, lilac, lilac, lavender shades. In nature, this color does not occur, it is the result of painstaking selection work.
The pansy gene is responsible for the unusual purple hue. The breeders have not yet managed to achieve a pure color without impurities. The existing varieties are distinguished by a special lilac shade and tend to change it depending on the intensity of lighting and the stage of flowering.
Interesting! In ancient Rome, different varieties of roses were grown, which were used to decorate gardens and religious festivals. In his writings, Herodotus mentions black, green, combined, purple rose colors.
The turning point in the history of purple rose cultivation came in 1867, when A. Guyot created a new variety called La France. On its basis, the tea-hybrid group later developed. The American Rose Society in 1976 developed a modern classification, which was approved by the World Federation of Rose Society (WFRS). Roses began to be subdivided into groups and classes, taking into account garden, and not species characteristics, as it was before.
Breeders all over the world are working on the creation of new varieties, using greenhouse complexes equipped with modern climate control technologies, an automatic irrigation and feeding system.
Popular varieties of purple roses
Despite the fact that it takes a long time to develop new varieties of roses, their variety is amazing.
Blue for you
A dense, undersized bush no higher than 1 m. Shoots are straight, leaves are dark green. 4 buds are formed on one branch.
The flowers are medium to small in size, but the abundant flowering visually makes the bush lush. The petals are semi-double, large, light lilac in color. The aroma is strong. Resistance to cold and disease is average.
Cardinal de richelieu
Tall bush - about 2 m, erect. Flowers are double, large, voluminous. The petals are dark purple with a white center.
On the shoots, single buds and inflorescences of 3 flowers are formed. Blooms once a season, but long and abundantly. The aroma is sharp, very specific. High resistance to cold and disease.
Rhapsody in blue
The Blue Rhapsody variety is named for its blue color. At the stage of bud formation, the petals are colored dark blue; as they open, they brighten in the sun. Pith with yellow stamens.
The flowers are medium-sized, semi-double. Lush inflorescences are formed on the shoots. The aroma is delicate. Straight bush, not higher than 1.5 m. Resistance to cold, high humidity and diseases is high.
The bush is strong, branched, 80-120 cm high.The leaves are long, light. Shoots are thick, prickly. Double flowers, medium size. The petals are red-violet, the core is with yellow stamens. The aroma is strong. On the shoots, one bud or 3-5 inflorescences are formed. Resistance to cold and disease is average.
The rose blooms 2-3 times a season, abundantly the first time, then moderately. Before the onset of cold weather, a large number of flowers appear on the bushes. Resistance to cold, moisture deficiency and disease is high.
One and a half meter spreading bush with straight shoots. The leaves are large, dark green. Blooms in large inflorescences, flowers are rounded up to 10 cm in diameter, densely double. Petals are light lilac with a yellowish core.
The variety differs in color variations - on one bush there are flowers of different shades depending on humidity, lighting, air temperature. The rose blooms in waves, 2-3 times a season. The aroma is pleasant, medium intensity. Resistance to diseases is high, to cold and heavy rainfall - low.
Weaving bushes are used to decorate garden fences and arbors. The plant reaches 3 m in height and needs props. There are almost no thorns on the shoots. The buds are small, up to 3 cm in diameter, semi-double. The petals are light purple with a white center.
A large number of inflorescences are formed on the shoots. Abundant and long-lasting flowering. The aroma is bright, sweet, pronounced. High resistance to cold and disease.
The bushes are meter long, branched. On strong shoots single flowers with a diameter of 10-11 cm are formed. The buds are round, full, double. A characteristic feature is a light lavender-lilac color in the middle, flowing into a dark crimson-purple at the edges.
The color changes as it unfolds. The aroma is bright and pleasant. Long bloom until the end of the season. The plant loves the sun, is characterized by resistance to heat and moisture deficiency, to a lesser extent - to diseases and excessive watering.
Types of purple roses
In nature, there are many types of purple roses: peony, bush, climbing, hybrid tea, park, standard, Dutch, English, bush, large and miniature.
Peony roses are the result of crossing old English and tea roses. The authorship belongs to the farmer David Austin.
The species is divided into 2 groups: roses for garden and commercial cultivation. The first group is valued for its immunity to diseases and lush flowering, the second for aesthetics and resistance to cold.
The most popular variety of peony roses is Darcey Bussell... It is a compact plant suitable for indoor and outdoor cultivation.
At the beginning of flowering, the petals are painted in a crimson color, towards the end they acquire a purple hue, so the bushes seem to be maroon.
Climbing roses are distinguished by very tall inflorescences. The stem length reaches 5 m. The plant is often used to decorate fences or arbors. Climbing purple roses are the result of crossing Japanese, wild and hybrid tea roses.
These varieties reach 15 m in height. The buds themselves are soft and small. The plant remains green until the onset of cold weather, prefers clay soil. Perennial Blue, the most popular double-flowered variety, has a raspberry purple color.
This variety of rose growers was obtained by crossing remontant and tea varieties. The flowers turned out to be large, with a charming aroma. The height of the shrub is 80-120 cm.
The varieties tolerate the winter well, are distinguished by amazing vitality.
- Paradise grown in the garden and at home. The bush reaches 1 m in height, the diameter of the bud is 6 cm. The flowering period is early spring - late autumn. The shoots are covered with many thorny thorns.
- Big Purple - Terry-velvety bowl-shaped buds, 13 cm in diameter.The height of the bush is 1-1.2 m. Roses bloom twice a season.
- Blue Nile - double buds of a pale purple color, 12 cm in diameter. The height of the bush is 1.5 m. Shoots are covered with many thorns. The plant is resistant to diseases and heavy rains.
Park roses are a cultivated variety of rose hips. The plant is characterized by fast growth, voluminous bushes and dense buds. The flowering period is late spring - mid autumn. The petals are colored deep purple. The leaves are brightly colored. Each bud contains at least 150 petals. The variety is suitable exclusively for gardening.
The most famous representative of the species is Cardinal Richelieu.
Standard roses are short and tall. The bush is created from any varieties by grafting to a rosehip. Life expectancy is 4 years.
The main advantage of the variety is long and lush flowering.
Ground cover roses are used to decorate the landscape. The main feature of the species is the creeping shape. The shrub grows up to 70 cm wide and has a long and lush flowering.
Rose Veg der Zinne variety resistant to various diseases. The diameter of the bush reaches 50 cm, the height does not exceed 70 cm. The buds consist of 7-8 petals of violet-purple color with a rich yellow center. The diameter of the flower is 8 cm. The variety is grown in the garden, at home in a large pot, in a flower garden.
Dutch roses are a kind of quality mark. Medium-sized buds attract attention with bright, rich colors. Florists collect beautiful bouquets from Dutch rose varieties. Cut flowers can stand in water for up to 2 weeks.
Charles de Gaulle variety especially popular due to its pale purple color and dense bud structure. The diameter of the flower is 10 cm, the bush is 1 m.
Shrub roses bloom long and profusely with single flowers or group inflorescences of 150-200 pcs. Buds are large or small, of various shapes. Shrub roses withstand the cold and hardly get sick.
Variety Blue Moon It differs in large flowers of the correct cupped shape, 12-13 cm in diameter. No more than 3 shoots are formed on the stem. The neat bushes reach 1.2 m in height.
Lavender dream variety differs in unusual flat flowers. A low bush blooms for a long time and abundantly. The diameter of the shrub does not exceed 65 cm. The color of the petals is delicate lavender.
English roses are distinguished by an amazing aroma, shoots of an impeccable cup-shaped or rosette shape, an even color of buds without any blotches of other flowers.
Variety Prince is unique with rosette-shaped buds and, when blooming, acquires a dense red color, which changes to purple-violet. The diameter of the flower reaches 5 cm.
The species combines varieties with large buds 12-18 cm in diameter. The height of the bushes is up to 2 m. Single flowers or numerous inflorescences are formed on the shoots. The varieties are resistant to disease and frost.
Paul Neuron - a giant among roses. The size of the bud reaches 18 cm. 1-3 shoots are formed on each stem. The petals with wavy edges are painted in a deep pink color with a purple tint.
Dwarf, or border, roses are called undersized plants, which rarely exceed 20 cm in height.
Some varieties reach a maximum of 50 cm. It is a lush variety with many small buds. The shape and color of the flowers depends on the variety. The flowering period is spring, summer, autumn. With reliable shelter, the plant can easily endure the harsh winter. Dwarf roses are successfully grown at home.
Lavender variety grows up to 40 cm, the diameter of the bud is up to 4 cm. After opening, the flower becomes pale purple with a lavender tint.
Amulet grade - the largest among the dwarf species.The height of the bush is 50 cm.The double petals of a bright pink-purple color form flowers with a diameter of 5-7 cm.
The use of purple roses in landscape design
Garden roses are ideal plants for decorating flower beds in the country, near a private house, gazebos and verandas. Purple roses go well with lilac, pink, white, yellow shades.
When planting, taller bushes are placed in the center or in the background. Spreading plants are planted one by one, and straight lines are framed with undersized bushes or creeping conifers. Herbaceous underlay is a good solution for a green carpet effect. In the background, tall trees (thuja, cypresses) or standard varieties look great.
How to grow purple roses
Rose is a capricious and fastidious culture; in the wrong environment it stops blooming or dies altogether. In order for the plant to please with abundant and long flowering, gardeners recommend following the rules of planting and growing.
The necessary conditions
The most suitable type of soil is loose fertile loam with medium acidity. If the land on the site does not meet the requirements, it is recommended to improve the performance depending on its type:
- heavy soil is loosened with river sand, humus, peat;
- chalk or hydrated lime is added to acidic soil to equalize the pH;
- clay is added to too loose sandy soil.
Roses work best in well-lit areas, but without direct sunlight, which causes dull color. The best option is to land in an area where there is more light in the first half of the day than in the second. In the afternoon, roses love to relax in partial shade.
Reference. Roses grow poorly in the shade and hardly bloom in conditions of lack of sunlight.
The queen of the garden is very moody and does not tolerate drafts, so the bushes are planted along walls or fences, protecting from gusty winds.
Roses love water, but do not respond well to overflows. Stagnant moisture in the root area leads to the appearance of rot and death of the entire bush.
The rose requires regular watering, but it does not tolerate stagnation of moisture at the roots. It is recommended to plant the plants in hilly terrain, which allows excess water to flow down freely.
Roses are planted in autumn, October is best... The exception is the seedlings obtained by the method cuttings, they are planted in the spring.
A hole is dug in the prepared area, free enough to accommodate the root system of the seedling. The bottom is loosened, the plant is placed, the roots are straightened, sprinkled with earth, making sure that the pinching point is under a 10 cm layer of soil. Then the soil is compacted and mulched with compost.
When planting in spring, compost is placed on the bottom, clean earth is poured on top. The trunk circle is slightly loosened and covered with a layer of peat, compost or straw.
In the first year after planting, special attention is paid to watering. During dry periods, the rose garden is moistened 2 times a day. For irrigation, use warm, settled water, which is poured under the root, without falling on the leaves and buds.
In the spring they perform sanitary pruning - remove dry, dead shoots. To give the bush a neat shape, the branches growing inward are sheared. In the summer, faded buds, too long shoots, sluggish leaves are cut off.
Top dressing deposit all season. For this, organic matter (humus, manure, wood ash) and ready-made liquid fertilizers with minerals are used. To stimulate the appearance of buds, the preparations "Epin", "Zircon", "Bud" are used.
Infusion of chicken manure (1:15) or mullein (1:10) is applied when watering in the morning or evening.
Before the first buds appear, nitrogen is introduced into the soil, high-quality ready-made mixtures containing phosphorus and potassium.
After flowering, the flowers are fertilized with potassium and phosphorus ("Kemira universal") and mullein infusion.
Mineral fertilizer "Gloria" contains magnesium, calcium and supports flowering.Fertilizer is spread evenly under the bush and embedded in the soil.
Pest control (mites, larvae) and diseases (rust, gray mold, powdery mildew) are carried out with the help of fungicides and insecticides.
For prophylaxis, plants are regularly examined, old, lethargic, diseased leaves and flowers are removed. Sick branches are cut and burned away from the site. The bushes are treated with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
Tips from experienced florists
Care for purple roses the same as for roses of other colors:
- During the period of budding and flowering, fertilizers are applied only at the stage of intensive budding. During flowering, feeding is stopped. Organic and mineral compounds are applied after flowering.
- Roses love nitrogen fertilization, but they should be applied in moderation and completely eliminated from mid-June.
- Pressed yeast is an excellent substitute for a purchased micronutrient solution. 1 kg of fresh yeast is dissolved in 10 liters of warm water, and diluted with water 1:10 before use. Consumption per 1 bush - 1 liter.
- Rotted manure is brought in in the fall, and in the middle of summer, an infusion of chicken droppings is poured under each bush.
- Wood ash is used to grow flowers on acidic soils. The water suspension prolongs flowering and saturates the plant with additional microelements.
- Withering buds are cut as soon as the petals begin to wither.
- When pruning dull buds, make sure not to pinch the peduncle, which threatens to weaken the shoots.
- After cutting, the cut sites are covered with PVA glue to prevent the development of fungal infections.
- Ground cover types of roses are used to decorate slopes and stingrays.
- The best ratio of sunlight and shade is 70% and 30%, respectively.
- It is advisable to lay the rose garden in the direction to the south or southwest. So the site is better illuminated and heated by the sun, and the risk of developing fungal diseases is reduced significantly.
Purple roses have many shades: lilac, lilac, plum, lavender. These flowers look amazing and attract attention. The pansy gene is responsible for the unusual purple hue.
In nature, there are peony, climbing, tea-hybrid, park, standard, bush, ground cover species. The buds are large and miniature, the bushes are tall or low. Lilac roses perfectly blend into an ensemble of flowers, bushes and trees, so they are often used to decorate house areas.